PAST LONDON EXHIBITIONS I HAVE LOVED

Over the lifetime of Catherine’s Cultural Wednesdays I have been to more exhibitions than I can count. I began to delete the really old posts and then got all nostalgic, so am gathering them all here instead. Multiple visits to museums are made so much easier by being a member, take a look at my guide of London Museum Membership and also my carefully researched guide to London Museum Cafes.

LONDON SUMMER EXHIBITIONS AUTUMN 2018

Regicide, Restoration and Royal Art and Power

Cavaliers and roundheads are the staples of British history.  Charles I was fond of the fine things in life, lost touch with the people and so lost his head.  Fondness for the fine things went beyond fancy lace collars and floppy-eared spaniels: he was the first British Monarch to amass a truly great art collection.  Once Cromwell had chopped off Charles I head, he set about selling his fantastic art collection.  Fast forward a decade, Cromwell is dead and Charles II returns to claim his father’s crown.  Like father like son, he knew a thing or two about Royal art and power and set about creating his own collection.  This Spring it is possible to see the collections for father and son in London.  Start with the father at the Royal Academy and then stroll across Green Park to see the Charles II collection on show at the Queen’s Gallery.

CHARLES I KING AND COLLECTOR

Charles I got bitten by the art collecting bug when he made a visit to the Spanish court when he was heir to the throne.  Negotiations for his marriage to a Spanish princess were proceeding very slowly so he set off in disguise to pay a visit to the Spanish King.  Charles didn’t return with a bride but he did come home with his bags packed with paintings by Titian and Veronese, including this rather fine portrait of Charles V and a Dog by Titian.

Charles I King and Collector

Once home Charles set about amassing a collection of his own.  He made a good start by buying up the art of the cash strapped Gonzaga family in Mantua.  Included in this job lot is what is now known as the Lely Aphrodite.  This third century Roman sculpture was bought by the painter Sir Peter Lely in the Commonwealth Sale and then reacquired by the Royal Collection after the painter’s death.

Venus Royal Collection

Not content with just buying paintings, he set about commissioning artists like Peter Paul Rubens and Anthony van Dyck to create works for him.  These portraits painted of Charles I and his family occupy the central rooms of the exhibition.

Royal Academy Charles I

Charles was not the oldest son of his parents. Henry, Prince of Wales died young but before he died he had started an art collection of his own.  Charles inherited his brother’s collection and kept it close by him in what was known as the Whitehall Cabinet.  One room in Charles I King and Collector aims to recreate the feel of the Cabinet, it is filled with Holbein drawings and Hilliard miniatures and is my favourite room in the show.

Nicholas Hilliard miniatures

Things didn’t end well for Charles I.  He was on the losing side of the English Civil War and ended up walking out of the Banqueting House in Whitehall Palace to be beheaded.  Shortly afterwards Oliver Cromwell had Charles’ magnificent collection sold off in what was known as the Commonwealth Sale.  All the labels in the Royal Academy exhibition say whereabouts in which Royal Palace the painting hung, how much it sold for and to whom in the Commonwealth Sale.  It is fascinating to see where the paintings went and where they still live.

Charles I King Collector

Charles I’s collection was spread far and wide, both the Spanish and French Royal families snapped up lots of bargains.  Those paintings still hang in the Prado and the Louvre today.  This is the first time that these paintings have al hung together for over three hundred and fifty years.  Once you have seen the father’s collection, take a stroll across the park to Buckingham Palace to see the son’s.

CHARLES II ART AND POWER at the Queen’s Gallery

Just over a decade after the regicide of Charles I, his son was invited back to assume the throne.  Charles II came back to find his palaces bare, all the pictures and tapestries sold.  He didn’t even have a crown to wear as Cromwell had had the Crown Jewels melted down.  Charles set about refurnishing his homes and creating bling that ensured all that saw him could not but doubt that he was an anointed King.  First things first, he needed regalia and set dressing for his coronation.  This stunning selection of ecclesiastical plate includes silver gilt maces and altar dishes that created a glittering display in Westminster Abbey for Charles II coronation and of many other monarchs since.

British Royal plate

The Royal coffers didn’t contain enough to buy back all his father’s art collection, so Charles cannily offered an amnesty.  Anybody that returned stuff back to the Royal collection would not be prosecuted.  People were keen to curry favour with the new monarch and many items were restored to the Royal walls.  In the Royal Collection today and on show here is the proclamation of the amnesty.

Royal Art and Power

Charles loved art and loved ladies.  He had Sir Peter Lely paint many of his favourites, known today as the Lely Lovelies, here they hang altogether along a wall looked over by a magnificent portrait of the King in his robes of state.

Charles II Art and Power

Foreign monarchs fell over themselves to shower the new King with paintings that took their place alongside the old King’s collection.  My favourite of all the paintings on show at the Queen’s Gallery?  It is this Boy Looking through a Casement.  I love the way that he looks so cheeky.  The painting has quite a story too, it was in the collection of Prince Henry, Charles II’s older brother, and was sold in the Commonwealth Sale to Robert Houghton  for £3 (along with another painting) before being given back.

Royal Collection Queens Gallery


Charles II is known as the Merry Monarch and this exhibition shows why.  He loved beautiful things; art, women, furniture, all of which are on display here.  He also knew the importance of appearance and the potency of royal art and power.

HARRY POTTER: A HISTORY OF MAGIC

Believe it or not, Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone was published 20 years ago.  Where better to mark Harry Potter’s birthday than the British Library.  Exhibitions at the British Library are always well worth visiting but they have pulled out all the stops for Harry Potter: A History of Magic.  The typed synopsis (yes, it was so long ago that people used typewriters) that was sent to twelve publishers before Bloomsbury saw the light, opens the show.

Harry Potter A History of Magic

Ever fancied making your own Philosopher’s Stone?  This 15th century six metre long scroll tells you how.  It is called the Ripley Scroll and takes its name from Canon George Ripley of Bridlington Priory, author of The Compound of Alchemy.   It is full of obscure symbols to protect the secrets of the Philosopher’s Stone.

Harry Potter A Magical History

All students at Hogwarts must study Herbology.  Whilst Herbology is not part of the national curriculum today, the study of plants and their uses is an ancient one.  This fourteenth century book describes in detail both the male and female mandrake.

Not all the objects are just for gazing at.  The celestial globe that you can see here is over 400 years old but with the help of Google Arts and Culture you can interact with the globe and see the star formations that feature in Harry Potter.  Did you know that Bellatrix Lestrange is a star?

Harry Potter A History of Magic

Divination is also an important area of study at Hogwarts.  These ‘dragon’ bones are the oldest objects in the British Library collection.  Over three thousand years ago Chinese people were using them to tell the future.  We know this because the writing talks about a lunar eclipse that can be dated to 27 December 1192 BC!  How accurate the predictions the bones made were we don’t know but we do know that the bones are actually cow bones and not sadly from dragons.

Harry Potter A History of Magic

All manner of objects are on display including this Beozar stone.  It was reputed to be an antidote to all manner of poisons.  Harry Potter first comes across one in the Philosopher’s Stone.  Apparently Beozar stones are found in the stomach of Beozar goats, you can get them from cows but they are not as efficacious.

If you have ever read Harry Potter or even just seen the films then this is a fascinating exhibition.  Deleted passages from the Harry Potter books are on display, along with J K Rowling’s detailed plot outline.  Electronic wizardry lets you try your hand at brewing potions and tell fortunes.  I have read the books and seen the films many times and there was lots to learn at Harry Potter A History of Magic.

OPERA: PASSION, POWER AND POLITICS at the V&A

Opera: Passion, Power and Politics is not so much exhibition but more of show. From the moment you put your Bowers and Wilkins headphones on you are immersed into the world of Opera.  Lush music washes over you as you are read all about its beginnings in seventeenth century Venice.  The city was in decline as new shipping routes took away her business, tourism was the way forward and Opera was the brand new way to draw in well heeled visitors.

Opera Passion Power

Opera is the original multimedia entertainment.  It has the lot.  Music, voice, lavish sets, sumptuous costumes and great people watching from your theatre seat.  Ingenious sets were one of the big draws to the new Venetian theatres.  You turn a corner to find your self in the wings of a theatre stage, keep on walking and take a seat in front of a reconstruction Of a Rinaldo set. Sit and listen to Chorus of Mermaids and be transported back to seventeenth century Venice.

Opera Passion Power

One of the problems of an exhibition about sound is that visual things can be a bit tricky.  The V&A has got around this by the use of chalk board style graphics on the walls that lead you through the development of Opera by looking at seven different works.

Opera Passion Power

Period instruments and clothes are on display for you to look at as the music washes over you. The V&A has mined its vast costume selection as well for period clothes.

Opera Passion Power

Opera houses tend to be extravagantly opulent buildings.  In the UK we don’t have that many but in Italy there are over 150 opera houses.  Artist Matthais Schiller set about photographing them for this art work.  It is huge, you sit there with Verdi’s Chorus of the Hebrew Slaves from Nabucco playing in your ears.  Wonderful, wonderful stuff.

Opera is one of those marmite things.  You either love it or hate it.  I think by now it is probably obvious that I love Opera, but even if you don’t it is well worth visiting Opera: Passion, Power and Politics to learn how what at first sight appears to be an art form of the establishment reflects the changes in the world around it.

BASQUIAT BOOM FOR REAL at the Barbican

Who is Basquiat and why does he Boom for Real?  Basquiat was young, still in his teens when the art world began to take notice of him and only twenty eight when he died of a heroin overdose.  Boom for Real was his favourite phrase, hence Basquiat Boom for Real.

Basquiat Boom for Real

People first began to notice Basquiat when a rash of graffiti that was wittier than usual and all tagged SAMO© was noticed on the walls of New York.  Who was the artist?  Just like Banksy now, nobody knew who was behind the images.  Unlike Banksy Basquiat stepped forward from the shadows.

Basquiat Boom for Real

From spray painting walls he went on to produce postcards which he sold for $1.  Imagine what a good investment that would have been!  He even plucked up the courage to ask his hero Andy Warhol to buy one.

Basquiat Boom for Real

So excited was Basquiat at having met Warhol and sold him a postcard that he rushed straight home and produced this double portrait of the two of them.  The pair went on to be great friends and collaborators, the Arm and Hammer painting is was produced by the two of them.

Basquiat Boom for Real

Basquiat took inspiration from all sorts of places and worked with people in many mediums including film and music.  Through out the exhibition you can hear music that he worked on and watch the films that he collaborated on.  One of them New York Beat, which stars a teenage Basquiat, is shown in its entirety and features Debbie Harry as a good fairy.  Allow lots of time if you want see them all.

DRAWN FROM COLOUR: DEGAS FROM THE BURRELL at the National Gallery

You know that you are getting on a bit when a museum that you visited when it was new shuts for three years to be updated.  The Burrell Collection in Glasgow has got the builders in and its twenty strong collection works by Degas have come down to the National Gallery in London for an extended stay.  Who was Burrell?  He was a shipping magnate who used his fortune to collect all manner of things and then left his vast collection to the city of Glasgow.

Degas Burrell

The first Degas painting that Burrell ever bought starts the London show.  A woman stares back at you through field glasses.  You get a real sense of the watcher being watched.

Degas Burrell

Formal portraits of languid rich people were not Degas’ style.  He preferred to depict fleeting glances of scenes that he saw all around him.  I love this drawing of two men chatting in the Café Châteaudun with a blurring suggesting animated discussion.

Degas Burrell

Degas is famous for depicting racehorses, ballet dancers and women bathing, this drawing of a horse and jockey at the end of a race caught my attention.  You can feel the exhaustion of the horse and I like the grid that you can see that would have helped Degas with his composition.

Degas Burrell

These two depictions of Russian dancers usually live at different ends of the country.  The one on the left is the sketch that Degas made and on the left is a finished pastel picture on tracing paper.  You can see that he has traced the outline of the original and flipped it over to better suit the image that he wanted to create.

Degas Burrell

If I could take just one picture home with me it would be this one.  It shows a ballet dancer adjusting her strap, it is a perfect size to hang on the wall at home and I especially like the sense of movement.  You feel that she is about to fling her left arm out at any moment.

LONDON EXHIBITIONS SUMMER 2017

MATISSE IN THE STUDIO at the Royal Academy

Matisse liked to buy stuff.  Not expensive stuff, just beautiful stuff.  Once he owned it, he painted it.  His studio was full of it, everybody who visited Matisse in the studio commented on it.  Now the Royal Academy has gathered together some of that stuff and stood it next the pictures that Matisse painted of them.

Matisse in the Studio

Sometimes when it is a vase of flowers your focus is firmly on the vase and the flowers.  Seeing the very vase is interesting and I would quite like to have one just like it.

Matisse in the Studio

Things become altogether more fascinating when the painting is of a person or a room.   Your attention is then ordinarily taken by the person or the biggest thing in the room.  Once you have the objects in front of you, it is the chair you look at and not the beautiful woman.  I covet this table as well.

Matisse in the Studio

Mr CW and I have been looking for the perfect wing chair for a long long time.  I was glad to learn that Matisse had similarly long quests for the perfect chair.  He searched for a year before he found this wooden Venetian chair.  The first thing he did once he got it home was to put a vase of tulips on it and draw the whole lot.  Not something that either Mr CW or I have the talent to do.

Matisse in the Studio

Seeing the objects that lived with Matisse in the studio in the flesh with his painted version is fascinating.  Best of all was seeing how he gained inspiration from the objects and used them as a leaping off point.  He commented on the shapes in this panel of Chinese letters and was inspired to produce his famous cut outs.

Matisse cut outs

When Cultural Wednesday was young we went to see Matisse: Cut Outs at Tate Modern and were inspired to go home and set to with scissors and glue ourselves.

Have you ever been inspired to go home and create a masterpiece after a gallery visit?

PLYWOOD at the V&A

Which of these can be made of  Plywood? Chairs? Yes.  Racing cars? No. The fastest, highest flying aeroplane in the Second World War? Don’t be daft.  They were the answers that I would have given you before I went to see the Plywood exhibition at the V&A.  Turns out that the answer to all three questions is yes and that plywood is altogether more interesting than you would have thought.

Plywood

Around the middle of the nineteenth century the production of plywood was mechanised and at a stroke a cheap, strong, light, pliable material became available.  Hatboxes, surfboards, whole houses, cars and, yes, chairs were all constructed out of it.  How does ply differ from normal wood? I hear you cry.  Well, you get a large log and shave it into one very long, very thin piece and then you glue lots of the thin layers together.  Once you have a sheet of plywood you can mould it into pretty much any shape you want.  When it came to designing the De Havilland Moquito, it was found that the lightest metals need welding and support but not plywood and so the very metallic-looking plane is actually made of wood.

Plywood

There are, of course, lots of Eames chairs on display.  We’ve all seen the picture of Christine Keeler astride the plywood chair.  Also on show is a Singer sewing machine with a curved plywood cover.  At the turn of the nineteenth century Singer was the biggest furniture manufacturer in the world.  Not making chairs but tables and cabinets for all those domestic sewing machines.

Plywood

Outside in the Madejski garden at the heart of the V&A stand some other worldly wooden shapes.  Winnipeg is the coldest city of its size outside Siberia.  During the long winter, skate trails are made on the cities two frozen rivers.  Wind whips across the prairies making it chilly when you stop skating.  Every year the city comes up with a new design of temporary skating shelters to protect the skaters when they stop for a hot chocolate.  These plywood structures are the skate shelters from 2011.  They may have started of life in Winnipeg but I quite fancy one at the bottom of my garden, far more interesting than a shed.

Plywood

Plywood is an incredibly interesting exhibition and it’s free.  Take a look round and you will soon be spotting ply everywhere.  The V&A is encouraging you to share any examples that you see using the hashtag #ISpyPly

ALMA-TADEMA at Leighton House

Sir Laurence Alma-Tadema was one of the the most famous painters of his day.   The price he paid for Victorian superstardom was twentieth century obscurity.  Yet the images that he created inform our idea of what history looks like, all those sword and sandal movies are straight from his paintings.  Now the largest collection of his works seen together in the UK are on display in the home of one of his greatest friends, Lord Leighton.

Leighton House is pretty splendiferous, it has a blue tiled Arab Hall complete with golden dome and tinkling fountain, and Alma-Tadema’s muscled historic heroes and diaphanously clad women fit right in.  Movie makers have taken inspiration from his paintings: there is a section of the exhibition devoted to showing you clips of the paintings and the movies.  Star of this show is an image that looks beautiful but depicts horror.  The Roses of Heliogabalus shows the eponymous Roman emperor watching with glee as his guests are drowned in rose petals.

Alma-Tadema at Leighton House

Not all the images are so gory.  Victorian artists had a taste for building fancy houses, Alma-Tadema’s had one room filled with panels painted by the artist’s friends.  The house is long gone but the panels survive and are on display here.

Alma-Tadema at Leighton House

Visiting Leighton House is worth a detour even when there is no special exhibition on.

GIOVANNI DA RIMINI at the National Gallery

Small but perfectly formed describes the Giovanni da Rimini exhibition at the National Gallery. Small and free.  Less of an exhibition and more of a welcome party for “Scenes from the Lives of the Virgin and other Saints” by Giovanni da Rimini.  To make sure the less than snappily titled work settles in, her sister work “Scenes from the Life of Christ” has made the journey from Rome.  It is the first time that the pair have hung side by side for a long time.

How did the National Gallery come to acquire this Giovanni da Rimini?  Well, the Duke of Northumberland decided to put her up for auction in 2015.  The National Gallery was loath to see her leave the country, at this point Ronald S Lauder (of cosmetics fame) stepped in and donated the money required.  Somewhat unusually the painting will live with Mr Lauder during his lifetime making regular visits to the National Gallery.  This is the first time that “Scenes from the Lives of the Virgin and Other Saints” has been on public display.  Over seven hundred years old and the detail and colours are amazing.  These are stories told in a cartoon like fashion, in that one picture follows another.

Giovanni da Rimini

Rimini may be famous as Italy’s biggest beach resort now, but seven hundred years ago it was a prosperous port town with strong connections to the Byzantine empire.  It was here that the tradition of icon painting from the East merged with the more naturalist painting from the West for the first time.  Giovanni was one of many painters working at the time.  The National Gallery already owns this painting by him showing the Blessed Clare, who was his contemporary, receiving a book from St John the Evangelist overlooked by an enormous Christ.

Also joining the welcome party is this tiny, but incredibly detailed, ivory panel depicting the Nativity and washing of the infant Jesus.  As with the paintings, the fine workmanship is outstanding.  All done at a time without electric lights or machine-tooled instruments or even varifocal glasses.

HOKUSAI BEYOND THE GREAT WAVE at the British Museum

The first time I saw Hokusai’s Great Wave it was on the cover of Iris Murdoch’s  “The Sea, The Sea”.  It took sometime for me to realise that the image was much, much more famous than the book.  Now the British Museum has an exhibition looking not only at Hokusai’s career after he created the Great Wave.

Hokusai

Standing in front of the print for the first time, I realised that there are tiny fishing boats struggling against the might of the wave.  The Great Wave is not some rarified work of art that was owned only by the very wealthy.  There were many thousands of prints made and they were sold at a price that ordinary households could afford.

Hokusai

Natural forms of all types captured Hokusai’s imagination.  I love this carp caught in a torrent of water.  Somehow his eye seems to fix on you as he swims downstream heading for calmer waters.

Hokusai

The famous Great Wave print is actually quite small, that cannot be said of this extraordinary painted panel.  The crashing wave is contained within a lavish gilded floral frame that somehow seems quite right.  There are two of these next door to each other and are on loan from Japan.  They are ceiling panels make for a festival cart made when the artist was 85.

Many of the objects on display are shown rarely as they are extremely fragile.  Halfway through the exhibition some of the more vulnerable works are to be removed and replaced with other similar items to prevent the vivid colours from fading.  Being able to examine the Great Wave closely and those two magnificent panels are worth visiting the show for alone.

SUMMER EXHIBITION 2017 at the ROYAL ACADEMY

Ignore the torrential rain and gale force winds, Summer is here.  No it really must be, because the Royal Academy Summer Exhibition 2017 has opened.  Every year for the past 249 years unknown artists have had the chance to hang works next door to the most well known artists of the day. Joshua Reynolds, founder of the RA, has his statue adorned with a garland for each Summer Exhibition – this time he has a sash and looks very dashing.

Summer Exhibition 2017

Inside the main gallery, the light streamed in from the skylights making it possible to forget the rain outside.

Summer Exhibiton 2017

Most of the 1,ooo works on display are for sale, the programme comes not only with details of the art and artists but also a price tag.  This makes my game of ‘what would you take home if you could?’ that I play in every gallery that I visit, just that bit more exciting here because if my piggy bank has enough in it, I just might.  These are the things that caught my eye and their price tags.

Summer Exhibiton 2017

£25,000 would buy me this Cornelia Parker sculpture, I love the way that it hangs on invisible wires.

Summer Exhibition 2017

These figures, an ensemble called Watching by Wendy Freestone, look quite large in this photo.

Summer Exhibition 2017

Step back and look at the wideshot and they are tiny, but I would get a lot of items for my £12,000.

Summer Exhibition 2017

This spiky chap is entitled the Art of Being Right.  Artist Lee Wagstaff has attached a price tag of £12,000.

Summer Exhibition 2017

This sailing ship reminded me of my great aunt’s jewellery box.  She had a mass of fake pearls and glitzy paste brooches, shame that most of them have gone now or I could tried to create my own, saving the £26,300 needed to buy Ann Carrington’s Pearl Ship.

Summer Exhibition 2017

Sadly my budget does not run to any of these.  Which would you choose?

CANALETTO AND THE ART OF VENICE at the Queen’s Gallery

These are not just any Canalettos, these are the Queen’s Canalettos. The Queen owns 50 paintings and over 140 of drawings by him …. more than anybody else.  Canaletto and the Art of Venice celebrates his Venetian images and is on show at the Palace of Holyroodhouse.

Canaletto and the Art of Venice

Canaletto was the son of Bernardo Canal, hence his name meaning little Canal. I had always thought that it was in some way a reference to the fact that he painted canals. His father was a set painter for the theatre and Canaletto followed in his footsteps but branched out and started painting Venetian scenes. These came to the attention of the British Consul Joseph Smith who recognised that they would make perfect souvenirs for British tourist in Venice for the Grand Tour. Smith stocked his Venetian palazzo with many Canaletto paintings to provide a showcase to visiting tourists. This series of twelve paintings shows the Grand Canal in its entirety.

I spent a long time looking at these and when I turned to find the Junior CW’s they were animatedly pointing at a series of paintings in the opposite corner.

Canaletto and the art of Venice

Turns out that they had spotted that Canaletto quite often included a dog in his paintings but his repertoire of dogs was limited to two. Maybe he just painted his own dogs over and over again?

Canaletto and the Art of Venice

Joseph Smith ran out of money toward the end of his life and his art collection was put up for sale. George III bought it, mainly for the books because at the time the paintings were not fashionable. George had just purchased Buckingham House and had a lot of walls to fill, most of them still hang in what became a Palace. Viewing them in the place that has been their home for centuries is a special experience with or without teenagers.

BALENCIAGA: SHAPING FASHION at the V&A

Dior, Chanel, Yves St Laurent are all big fashion beasts, if asked I could describe a look they are famous for.  Cristobal Balenciaga is a name I know but I could not tell you what his clothes look like.  American Vogue editor extraordinaire Diana Vreeland declared that for 2o years he was the prophet of nearly ever change in silhouette.  Judging by this pink dress on show in Balenciaga: Shaping Fashion at the V&A, his still is. Those sleeves are everywhere this spring.

Balenciaga Shaping Fashion

Balenciaga was the son of a Spanish seamstress, when he was 12 he was apprenticed to a tailor.  By the time he arrived in Paris he had 20 years’ experience of pattern cutting, dress making and tailoring.  He often used very simple shapes but with very clever engineering to make spectacular sculptural garments like this camel evening jacket.  Those waves are created by a ribbon running the length of the sleeve between the lining and the fabric.

Balenciaga Shaping Fashion

Working out how some of the more complicated dresses are constructed has long foxed fashion students.  The gowns are too fragile for rigorous physical inspection and so the curators of Balenciaga Shaping Fashion came up with the idea of working artist Nick Veasey x-raying the dresses.  The resulting pictures show perfectly placed weights to make a hem hang just so and in the case of this red dress boning not only in the bodice but also in bustle.

Balenciaga Shaping Fashion

Wearing Balenciaga’s clothes was the preserve of the rich and famous.  Gloria Guinness, one of his regular clients, commented that his clothes were so beautifully constructed, so perfectly thought out, that there was not a woman in the world who could not wear them.  Luckily the V&A have provided a skirt or cape, depending on how you wear it, for visitors to the Balenciaga Shaping Fashion to try on.  What do you think?

Balenciaga Shaping Fashion

The final part of the exhibition is devoted to fashion designers who either trained with Balenciaga or who continue to be inspired by him.  My Mother and I spent a long time looking at this Oscar de la Renta evening dress trying to work out how it was made.  The fabric is incredibly fine but you can see very few seams.

Balenciaga Shaping Fashion


Balenciaga produced many different looks in his career maybe that his why I could not have defined his style before visiting Balenciaga Shaping Fashion.  Now I know that if a ‘new’ shape appears in the shops, chances are he had a hand in influencing it.  If the V&A were to put on a course to make that skirt I tried on I’d be there like a shot.

DIANA: HER FASHION STORY at Kensington Palace

Diana, Princess of Wales fascinates me.  Judging by the queues to see Diana: Her Fashion Story at Kensington Palace, I’m not the only one.  You queue to buy your ticket and then as you skip up the stairs thinking that your queueing time is done you get in line again.  On the day I visited, people snaked all the way across one room and round out into the garden.  Don’t let the queues put you off: the frocks are fantastic.

Diana: Her Fashion Story

OK, I know these are not frocks but they are iconic.  The tweed suit was worn by Diana for a photocall at Balmoral during her honeymoon.  Sounds ludicrous now, but it kicked off a trend for tweed suits, the ‘interview’ suit that I bought as graduation loomed was a blue tweed number (it also had a matching hat which I never wore!).  Next to it is the Emanuel blouse that featured in Vogue just as the engagement of Diana and the Prince of Wales was announced.  She liked it so much that the Emanuels were asked to design her wedding dress.

Diana Her Fashion Story

This sequin and pearl strewn dress is often called the Elvis dress.  Standing in front of it enables you to see just how many sequins and pearls were sewn on by hand to create the shimmery column.  I’ve always thought that the jacket looked like an Elizabethan ruff, so I was delighted to discover that designer Catherine Walker took her inspiration portraits of Elizabeth I.

Diana: Her Fashion Story

Most of the dresses on display are instantly recognisable from the many pictures taken of Diana.  This Catherine Walker dress embroidered with falcons was new to me.  It is demure and beautiful.  Diana wore it on a state visit to Saudi Arabia, the falcon is the national bird of Saudi Arabia.  Does the United Kingdom have a national bird, I wonder.

Diana: Her Fashion Story

It isn’t only dresses that are on display, one wall is dedicated to sketches that the designers made to show their ideas at the beginning of the design process.  It is amazing to see the sketches that became outfits so familiar from newspaper and magazine pictures.  These drawings are by Roland Klein.

Before you leave the Palace, make sure you go to the loo on the ground floor.  The corridor outside is hung with this rather fine wallpaper showing Diana wearing many of the dresses on display.  Julie Verhoeven created the design and it was made up by Cole and Son.

PINK FLOYD: THEIR MORTAL REMAINS at the V&A

Confession time ….. I’m a bit too young for early Pink Floyd music.  Then they made a decision not to release singles which meant they didn’t earworm into my life via the wireless.  Then there is the gender thing.  Pink Floyd was what the boys bought.  The covers, they are iconic but prior to walking into Pink Floyd: Their Mortal Remains I had never knowingly listened to an entire Pink Floyd album.

Pink floyd: Their Mortal Remains

You are handed a pair of Sennheiser headphones as you walk into Pink Floyd: Their Mortal Remains and they immediately plunge you into a different world.  As you wander round music and interviews start playing automatically, its all very clever.   You enter via a giant recreation of the Bedford van in which the band started their touring career.  Instruments are on  display, you hear the band talking about how they played around with the new fangled synthesisers to make amazing soundscapes.

Pink Floyd: Their Moral Remains

Then there are all those iconic album covers.  ‘Wish You Were Here’ came with postcards of the diver and flaming man, I remember my brother had them pinned to his notice board.  Pink Floyd worked closely with Hipgnosis  design company on many of their album covers we hear them describe the making of the images.  Before digital trickery, the diver was actually somebody doing a handstand and then holding the position for long enough for the ripples to die away, that’s quite some breath holding!  The flaming man really was on fire, he wore a fire proof suit and was surrounded by fire extinguisher wielding crew just out of shot.

Pink Floyd Their Mortal Remains

Pink Floyd were famous for their stage shows as well as the iconic album covers, vast inflatables filled the stage.   As you enter one room are greeted by a 3D recreation of Battersea Power Station complete with a pig floating above it just like the ‘Animals’ cover.  At over nine metres high it is the highest exhibit to have ever been included in a temporary exhibition at the V&A.  Right next door to it is a another 9 meter creation, this time of the teacher from ‘The Wall’.  Keep on going and you come across a recreation of the ‘Division Bell’ cover – interesting fact alert – the  building you can see behind the giant heads is Ely Cathedral.

Pink Floyd Their Mortal Remains

In the final room all four walls are given over to a projection of the bands final live performance together.  The music pounds out from all sides making you feel that you are there watching them live.  For me the stand out moment of Pink Floyd: Their Mortal Remains was standing in a dark room watching a rotating hologram of the prism on the cover of ‘Dark Side of the Moon’ rotating whilst listening to the album play, it was magical and I could have stood there for hours.  Since I have returned home I have been listening to Pink Floyd on the Sonos and do you know what, its not just music for boys.

SELFIE TO SELF-EXPRESSION at the Saatchi Gallery

“Why are all those people standing with their back to the Eiffel Tower?” I wondered out loud on a visit to Paris a few years ago.  “They are taking selfies”, I was informed by two barely ten year olds.  Everywhere you go now, it seems that somebody will be pointing a camera phone at themselves to record their visit.  Now the Saatchi Gallery has decided to put on the first exhibition devoted to the selfie or Saatchi Selfie.  Where better to take the teens?

Saatchi selfie

The first room is filled with images of old-school selfies, those painted with brushes and paint by artists.  This being the twenty-first century, the paintings are not the actual paintings on canvas but photos of them displayed on what looks like giant phone screens.  You are encouraged to vote for your favourite by touching the screen and are rewarded by a big heart.

Saatchi selfie

One vast room is devoted to thousands of images of people using Skype, FaceTime and the like.  Not only can you see them, you can hear them too: its like sitting in the middle of a call centre and hearing one end of lots of conversations.  The projector even projects on you, casting your shadow on the display, making you become a part of it.  All very clever.

saatchi selfie

There are pictures of people taking selfies and lots of those selfies themselves.  I confess that one of my favourites is a piece of fake news.  Alison Jackson is well known for a her photographs that look like paparazzi shots but are actually cleverly composed using actors.  This shot of hers purporting to show Donald Trump taking a selfie with some Miss Universe contestants is great, we can believe it, but at the same time there are tiny details that go just too far over the top.

It’s not just humans that take selfies; this macaque monkey is the first known animal to knowingly take its own photo.  I notice with dismay that he has got the smiling and looking into the lens thing on his first attempt, unlike my own sorry attempts.  Maybe if I asked the macaque, he could take a photo of me?

LONDON EXHIBITIONS WINTER 2017

MICHELANGELO & SEBASTIANO at the National Gallery

Michelangelo is famous for frescoes and statues, not work that you would think would travel well.  After all, the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel is hardly going to decamp to Trafalgar Square for a Spring break.  As for Sebastiano, I concede that prior to this week I would not have been able to tell you who he was.  So the latest National Gallery exhibition didn’t fill me high hopes.  How wrong I was, every room has jaw dropping stuff to see and the story of the friendship between the pair is the stuff of a page turning novel.

Michelangelo was already a star by the time Sebastiano arrived in Rome.  Snapping at his heels for renown was Raphael, whom he hated.  Raphael was an oil painter, the chink in Michelangelo’s armour.  Sebastiano was pretty handy with the oils, so Michelangelo reckoned that a combination of his draughtsmanship and Sebastiano’s painting would knock Raphael off his perch.  A friendship was born.

Michelangelo Sebastiano

Michelangelo decamped to Florence to work for the Medici’s, but the friends continued to correspond and managed to fit in the occasional visit.  On one of these Michelangelo advised his friend on the composition of a depiction of The Raising of Lazarus, this went on to be the first painting to be catalogued in the National Gallery collection, NG1, it is where the collection started.

Michelangelo Sebastiano

Lustrous oil paintings and sculptures are not the only things on display.  Letters that they wrote to  wrote to each other and preparatory sketches show how ideas for composition changed.  Somehow these make them more real, like people who have just left the room.  My favourite is this sketch on the back of  Lamentation over the Dead Christ, the first painting Michelangelo and Sebastiano collaborated on.

Michelangelo Sebastiano

Michelangelo started creating the statue of the nearer Risen Christ for a friend, but stopped when he discovered a fault in the marble.  He was unable to start afresh due to other work commitments but letting his friend down niggled at him.  Many years later he finished the second version.  This is the first time they have ever been in the same room (even if one of them is a high class cast).  The first glimpse of this room is one of the most stunning first views of anything that I have ever seen.

Alnwick castle, Duke of Northumberland

Having maintained a long distance friendship for many years things fell apart when Michelangelo returned to Rome to work on the Sistine chapel once more.  Sebastiano had cracked the art of oil painting on plaster and urged his friend to try out the new technique.  Nobody knows what happened for sure but Michelangelo soon reverted to the fresco method and stopped talking to Sebastiano.  Not only that when Sebastiano died, Michelangelo was ran down his friend.  Deriding him as lazy and destroying his posthumous reputation, that’s why I’d never heard of him.

THE AMERICAN DREAM: POP TO PRESENT at the British Museum

Exhibitons at the British Museum are usually full of stuff.  Things made by people long, long ago.  Not this one, The American Dream: pop to present is stuffed to the gunnels with prints created in the last six decades in America.  Surely we should be in the Tate?  Wrong.  The national collection of western prints and drawings is held at the British Museum.  They know what they are talking about.

American Dream, British Museum

Printmaking is not a new medium, think about Dürer’s Rhino, but in 1960’s America the combination of changes in production, marketing and consumption led to a boom.  Andy Warhol embraced the medium to reproduce everything from soup cans to movie stars.

Iconic images of flags, cars and comic books are everywhere here.  One of the really appealing things about show is the way that windows have been opened up allowing you to glimpse both images you’ve already seen and those that are yet to come.

All the prints are displayed in chronological order.  So you get to see Ed Ruscha’s iconic petrol station, like a lesson in perspective drawing, quite early on.  Glance to the right through the oblong window to the last room and you can glimpse what looks like a blank white paper, framed accidentally.  When you get there, you realise that it’s the same petrol station but devoid of colour; the artists comment on the blandness of modern life.

SCARFE AT SOTHEBY’S

Gerald Scarfe’s work is very familiar.  His political cartoons still appear in the Sunday Times, he drew the title sequence for ‘Yes Minister’ and, of course, he came up with the cover for the Pink Floyd album ‘The Wall’.  Familiar and yet he has rarely sold his original artwork, preferring to keep them.  Now Sotheby’s have managed to persuade him to put some of those originals up for sale.  Before they go under the hammer you can pop along to see them at Scarfe at Sotheby’s.

The first thing that you see at Scarfe at Sotheby’s is a reproduction of that wall from the Pink Floyd video hung with the drawings for animated video.

The Junior CW’s were a bit bemused by their mother making cryptic pronouncements about just another brick in the wall.  They really like political cartoons which is why we came to Scarfe at Sotheby’s.  In truth they were just as bemused by the cast of 80’s politicians in the early works.  Luckily Michael Heseltine has been in the news recently and I’d explained about his Tarzan moment.

Scarfe at Sotheby's

Gerald Scarfe also designed posters and costumes for the theatre.  This poster for ‘Serious Money’ by Caryl Churchill took me back to when I first came down to London and went to see the play.

Scarfe at Sotheby's

More up to date is this series of cartoons inspired by Brexit and Donald Trump.  Because the cartoons were created to be seen in newspapers and not hung on the wall, corrections made in Tippex are visible on many of them, showing where Gerald Scarfe decided that a line would be better placed a few millimetres away from the original.

Scarfe at Sotheby's

All one hundred and thirty-four images on display are for sale.  Most have an estimate of between £3,000 and £6,000, too rich for our blood!  Most expensive of all is the last portrait made of Winston Churchill in his lifetime.  Gerald Scarfe was commissioned by the Sunday Times to draw the former Prime Minister to mark his retirement from the House of Commons; six months later he was dead.  Winston Churchill has an estimate of £100,000 to £150,000 but I suspect that eager bidders may push the prices of all the lots higher.

REVOLUTION: RUSSIAN ART 1917-1932 at the RA

The Royal Academy has rolled out the red carpet to mark the centenary of the Russian Revolution.   You ascend its grand staircase toward Revolution: Russian Art 1917-32, with its marble clad in scarlet.  Portraits of Lenin and Stalin kick proceedings off, most are of the usual head and shoulders kind, but I was taken with this kaleidoscopic vision of Lenin marching.

Revolution Russian Art

Then the workers take over.  We see outsize peasants striding out through Russian cities and workers striding purposefully toward a bright new socialist future.

Revolution russian art

Where will the workers live?  In new modern flats with sleek lines.  One of these efficient living spaces designed by El Lissitzky is on display.  No kitchen, because eating should be a communal and not a solitary occupation.  I wonder if people smuggled in paraffin stoves?

Revolution Russian Art

Immediately after the revolution all sorts of art flourished which were celebrated in 1932 with an exhibition at the State Russian Museum in Leningrad (as it was then called).   Abstract artist Kazimir Malevich was honoured with a whole room, which is recreated at the Royal Academy.

Revolultion Russian Art

Almost immediately after the exhibition Stalin began to clamp down on the types of art that were allowed.  Abstraction was out  and social realism was in.  Lots of strapping healthy workers, like this young girl  in what looks like a Newcastle United football strip.

Revolution Russian art

When Stalin changed his mind about the kind of art that he wanted produced he didn’t simply get new artists in.   He sent the old ones to gulags.  Right at the end of the exhibition is a room with a slide show of the mug shots of those that were sent into internal exile many of them never to return.  Sober thoughts to take back down those red stairs.

DAVID HOCKNEY at Tate Britian

David Hockney is 80 this year.  Tate Britain has decided that simply sending a card is not enough to mark the occasion and has put on the most extensive retrospective exhibition of his work ever.  Proceedings are kicked off with some of the paintings he made when he was a student at the Royal College of Art.  I was particularly taken with this depiction of a packet of Typhoo Tea: in the audio guide that comes with the ticket, David Hockney explains how he drinks tea when working and so when he came to decide to do a still life empty packets of tea were in plentiful supply.

David Hockney, Tate Britain

Pictures hanging on the wall are the traditional focus for an exhibition but at this one I was amused by the titles for each room.  ‘Paintings with People in’, ‘Sunbather’ and ‘Close Looking’ for example tell you what you are going to see without pulling any punches.  The huge colour saturated canvases in ‘The Wolds’ gave me the perfect opportunity to play with my new wide angle lens.

David Hockney, Tate Britain

Playing with the possibilities of new technology is, for me, one of David Hockney’s endearing features.  When I first came to London, the Hayward had a show of collages that he had made using Polaroids.  I remember it as being wonderful and embarked on similar experiments, the Tate devotes a room them.  He is still better at them than me.

David Hockney, Tate Britain

Colour and lots of it dominates the exhibition.  So when you get to the penultimate room and are greeted by twenty five black and white drawings documenting the arrival of Spring 2013 in the Yorkshire Wolds, the effect is arresting.  I was unable to resist taking a close look at all of them.

David Hockney, Tate Britain

For most of us, iPads have transformed our lives by making us more connected to each other all the time.  Whilst I’m distracted by the endless chatter of instant messaging, David Hockney has embraced the devise as an artistic tool.  Not only as the finished image but also to record the creation from the first mark through to the final flourish.

David Hockney, Tate Britain

CHILD’S PLAY at the FOUNDLING MUSEUM

Child’s Play is a term we use to mean that something so simple that it requires no thought. Children play, its what they do, its how we learn.  Mark Neville is a photographer who travels to the worlds grittier places.  His photograph’s of children playing all over the world are gathered for this exhibition at the Foundling Museum.

Child's Play

One thing becomes clear, it doesn’t matter where you spend your childhood the attraction of round objects to play with is universal; old tyres, Frisbees, balls you name it, if its round a child will find somewhere of playing with it.   Acting up to the camera is another universal thing, in these two pictures the boys dressed for a play stare challengingly at the camera whilst the in the school photo all the children pull their best silliest face.

Child's Play

Playing is more than fun, it is essential for mental health.  This exhibition is more than pictures it is part of a campaign for safe play spaces.  Appropriately you can gaze out of the windows into Coram’s Fields.  Any child can enter the seven acre central London park but adults have to be accompanied by a child.  The playground occupies the site on which Thomas Coram set up the Foundling Hospital, the first children’s charity.

Foundling Museum

ROBOTS at the Science Museum

Explaining what wonders an exhibition holds at a press view is usually done by the curator.  Not so at the Robots show at the Science Museum. Fittingly we were addressed by RoboThespian who after a brief explanation broke into a song and dance routine

Robots, Science Museum

One the best British museums that I have been to outside London is the Bowes Museum high up in the Pennines at Barnard Castle.  What has this got to do with Robots? I hear you cry!  Well, it is home to a stunning mechanical silver swan that swims on a glimmering stream and then gobbles up a silver fish.  The swan has swum away from Barnard Castle for the first time, he will perform every weekday at 10.25am, so you’ll need to get up early to see the show.

Robots, Science Museum, Bowes Museum

It wasn’t until 1920 that the word Robot first appeared, Czech playwright wrote a play entitled Rossum’s Universal Robots, taking the word from an old Slavonic word robota meaning ‘servitude’ or ‘drudgery’. The play is now forgotten but the word lives on. George, one of the first British humanoid robots can be seen, I particularly like his id badge.

Robots

Walking is second nature to us, but is actually a very complicated thing to do. Simply telling a robot to walk is far from simple. This Bipedal walker, with lots of dials started life in a garden shed, the result of a hobby. It was one of first walking robots. The hobby has now turned into a business with the Shadow Robot Company making ground breaking hand robots.

Robots, Shadow Robot Project

The final part of the exhibition is devoted many moving robots.  Some of them are designed to do the exact but repetitive tasks needed on a production line.  Others like the life-like lady, or Komomoroid, will read the news.  Asimo is the world’s most advanced humanoid robot and may one day be able to interact helpfully with people.

Robots

  Many of the robots on display show off what the companies that make them can achieve, Harry the trumpet playing robot needs flexible lips, clever fingers and, of course, puff to be able to produce a credible sound on the trumpet.

LOCKWOOD KIPLING at the V&A

Kipling, now you are thinking about The Jungle Book or about cakes.  Think again, Lockwood Kipling is the father of Rudyard and nothing to do with the cakes (I think), he is also the subject of an exhibition at the V&A.  Not just because he was a good Dad but because he was a talented man in his own right and one that was involved with the early days of the V&A itself.  He can be seen today on the terracotta panels that adorn the upper reaches of the museum’s inner courtyard.

Lockwood Kipling

Lockwood Kipling was the son of a Methodist minster, when he was a teenager the family came down to London to see the Great Exhibition.  Lockwood was blown away by the exhibits in the India gallery (some of which became part of the founding collection of the V&A) all thoughts of following in his father’s footsteps were abandoned.  He headed to the Potteries for a training in ceramics before joining the fledgling V&A.

Soon he was sent to Bombay to teach at the Sir Jamsetjee JeeJeebhoy School of Art and then off to Lahore to be the principal of the new Mayo School of Art.  Whilst he was there he developed an interest in the art and artists of India (these were pre-partition days and the whole sub continent was called India).  He made many drawings of both craftsmen and of the their work as well as encouraging many of them to refine their skills.

Lockwood Kipling


What really made his name back home was the commission to design the Delhi Durbar, put on to mark the coronation of Victoria as Empress of India.  So impressed was the Queen by reports of his work that she commissioned him and his former student Bhai Ram Singh to create the Durbar Hall at Osborne House and an Indian Billiard Room at Bagshot Park.  Both of these rooms are depicted on wall size projections along with some of the furniture that the duo designed for the rooms.

Lockwood Kipling

I had never heard of Lockwood Kipling before the invitation to the Press view arrived, what an interesting man.  What is also fascinating is the glimpse into how the V&A began all those years ago.  With interested people going out and gathering interesting things of the very highest quality to inspire and inform visitors to the new museum.  This time when I walked through the central courtyard on my way to the fine tearooms I looked up at the terracotta plaques with especial interest.

LONDON EXHIBITIONS AUTUMN 2016

PORTRAIT OF THE ARTIST at the QUEEN’S GALLERY

Selfies are modern.   Well, up to a point.  People have been making self portraits for as long as charcoal has been around.  Turns out that the Queen has quite a collection of selfies and now 150 (the collection of miniatures counts as one!) of them are on display at the Queen’s Gallery.  Well sort of, Portrait of the Artist is depictions of artists whether by themselves of by other artists.

Portrait of the Artist
David Hockney, Self-Portrait, 6 April 2012
Royal Collection Trust © Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II 2016

Think of the walls of royal palaces and you tend to think of Old Masters staring down at you.  Here the first image that you see is of Lucian Freud (don’t worry, there are plenty of Rembrandt and Rubens later), turn around and David Hockney looks out at you from a portrait that he made on his iPad.

Royals are not only painted but sometimes also paint others.  I really liked these two pictures.  One is by Edward Seago and shows the other by the Duke of Edinburgh. Both are sat on the deck of Brittania painting the pictures that we see.

Not every image seen in the exhibition is an original.  These tiny frames contain a collection of 224 copies of artist self-portraits from the Uffizi Palace in Florence.  They were commissioned by Lord Cowper who in turn presented them to George III.  Much like buying a box of postcard reproductions today but much much more expensive.

Painting a self portrait is an excellent form of self-promotion.  It shows off  your skill with the brush, can knock years off your age, make you look distinguished or simply display your interests.  Landseer is well known for his depictions of animals and chose to surround himself with dogs when he painted himself and entitle it ‘The Connosieurs’!

MAPS AND THE 20TH CENTURY: DRAWING THE LINE at the British Library

Cartophile, is that the word for somebody who loves maps?  Well it is now.  I am a cartophile.  Old maps, new maps, imaginary maps, any old map, I love them all.  Imagine my excitement when I spotted that the British Library has delved into its extensive collection to put on a show of over 200.  Despite the title not all of the maps on show are twentieth century, Mercator’s atlas is here, but rather the focus is on the century when maps went from being the preserve of the wealthy to being readily available to all of us.  Sometimes when you look forward to something it can be a disappointment.  Not this show.  It even has a map on the floor!

Maps and the 20th Century

Right at the beginning, there is, naturally, a map of the exhibition; an electronic one that shows where all your fellow cartophiles are.  As they move from looking Mercator’s map to the General’s map of the Somme, you see their representative dot move.  That General’s map, it has all the familiar Ordnance Survey symbols and some nifty decoupage to make understanding the contour lines easier.  The Tommies’ map is shown next to it, far more portable copies for them.  During war time accurate maps are as vital as good guns.  On show though is a map of Brighton dating from 1990.  No war then, I hear you cry.  What makes this one unusual is that all the text is in Russian, it was one of a stash of maps found in Latvia after the Soviet Union collapsed.  A scary thought that the Russians had such detailed maps of the UK.  Soliders are often handed escape maps printed on fabric; after the Second World War one ingenious seamstress got round rationing by making this dress out of silk escape maps.

silk-map-dress

Its not all war.  Anybody who has ever visited London will have navigated their way around the tube system using a map that shows how the routes connect rather than where they actually are.  Harry Beck was the man who came up with this idea, on show is his original sketch.  It is just round the corner from Tolkein’s notebooks containing his own sketch of Middle Earth, along with incredibly detailed plot notes.

harry-beck-tube-map-sketch-victoria-albert-museum-tfl

Even if you don’t feel the need to collect every single sheet in the Ordnance Survey Explorer series, this is a fascinating exhibition.  Maps and mapping changed completely during the twentieth century going from being the preserve of the wealthy to mass ownership.  Now everybody keeps an electronic map in their pocket but the paper ones continue to exert a fascination for me.

AUSTRALIA’S IMPRESSIONISTS at the National Gallery

Sunshine, that’s what springs to mind when you think of Australia.  Fog is the first thing that you see depicted when you enter the Australia’s Impressionists exhibition at the National Gallery.  Not any kind of fog but London fog.  For that is where the painters came to learn their trade.

Once back in Australia the lessons learnt in Europe fused with a rapidly changing country.  For the first time since European settlement, more of the population were Australian-born than immigrant and all those people were settling in rapidly growing cities.  Three artists, Tom Roberts, Charles Conder and Arthur Streeton, staged the ‘9 by 5 Impression Exhibition’; so named because many of the pictures were painted on cigar box lids which happened to measure 9 x 5 inches.

There are over one hundred beaches in Sydney giving Australia’s Impressionists a wide choice of seaside locations in which to paint.  Charles Conder was the first to return home and he discovered Coogee Beach.  When Tom Roberts came back, Charles Conder took him to Coogee and he in turn took Arthur Streeton.  All three painted there and their impressions can be seen at the National Gallery.

Australia's Impressionists
Blue Pacific, Arthur Streeton

Not all of Australia’s Impressionists returned home, John Russell stayed in Europe and painted vibrant images of France and Italy.  I especially liked these seascapes of Belle Ile in Brittany.


Australia’s Impressionists offers a glimpse into the artistic world of a nation just emerging as a stand-alone state not just as a series of picturesque locations but in what was a new way of painting and showing the building of railways and the like, as well as pretty beaches.

EMMA HAMILTON: SEDUCTION AND CELEBRITY at the National Maritime Museum

Emma Hamilton: you know her, she’s the one that ensnared Admiral Lord Nelson with her flirty semi-clad dancing.  Turns out there was a lot more to her than that as I learnt at the latest exhibition at the National Maritime Museum, EMMA HAMILTON: SEDUCTION AND CELEBRITY. As the daughter of a blacksmith and a servant, little is known about her early life. Emma followed in her mother’s footsteps and became a servant for the Linley family who had connections to the Drury Lane theatre. At some point she caught the eye of Sir Harry Fetherstonhaugh, one thing led to another and she became pregnant. Sir Harry dismissed his sixteen year old mistress and life looked grim for Emma at this point.

Emma was beautiful so soon Charles Greville, another wealthy man, stepped forward to be her ‘protector’.   Pleased with his new possession, Charles asked the premier portraitist of the age, George Romney, to paint Emma. So impressed was Romney that what was meant to be just one portrait became seventy over a nine year period. A whole wall is filled with them at Greenwich.  Many of them were reproduced as popular prints; Emma was famous.

emma-hamiliton-by-romney

Famous but not rich. Charles Greville needed to marry a wealthy woman and so arranged to have Emma shipped off to his Uncle, Lord Hamilton, in Naples. Emma had no notion of what was happening.  She thought she was going on holiday, not passed on like an unwanted gift. Turns out the Lord Hamilton was not so bad after all.  Not just a pretty face and Hamilton provided her with an education.  She learned Spanish and French in a year as well as studying the classics.  He even married her.  Emma became the friend and confidante of the Queen of Naples and an important diplomatic conduit between Naples and England.  She also came up with a novel form of entertainment called ‘Attitudes’.  Part of the exhibition is devoted to a rather clever smoke and mirrors reproduction of these Attitudes.

nelson-and-emma

At this stage, enter Nelson.  The hero of the battle of the Nile was rather taken with Emma and her Attitudes and before long they were lovers.  Lord Hamilton was very understanding.  Polite society was scandalised for Nelson had a wife back home.  Their relationship was far more than a fling, it was the real thing.  Lord H died but divorce for Nelson was out of the question.  The lovebirds had a daughter, Horatia, and set up home together until the idyll came to an end with the death of Nelson at Trafalgar.  Love letters between the two are on display, Norfolk’s finest had quite a way with words.

nelson-love-letter

After Nelson’s death,  she was left with a lavish lifestyle but not the means to support it.  A codicil added to Nelson’s will just before Trafalgar asking for a pension for her in recognition for her diplomatic work in Naples went unheeded.  She kept the coat in which Nelson died with her at all times, but died young after a spell in debtors prison.

admiral-lord-nelson-uniform

There were many pretty, poor girls like Emma who found temporary protection with wealthy men, most were dumped when they either got pregnant or old.  To inspire the greatest portraitist of the day, devise a new form of entertainment, marry a Lord, befriend a Queen and win the love of an Admiral was exceptional.  Emma must have been quite a woman.

BOWIE/COLLECTOR at Sotheby’s

Ever wanted to own David Bowie’s record player?  Well now you could.  His fancy pants designer record player, specially adapted to allow him to transfer some of his rare vinyl collection into digital format, is one of the four hundred items of his art collection up for auction at Sotheby’s.  Not that it is any old record player, no this one is a design classic, others just like it are in the collections of at least three major museums.  It has an estimate of £800-£1,200, but expect Bowie fans to push the price higher.

Bowie/Collector

When I bought my first house many years ago the design magazines were full of Memphis furniture.  Whilst the odd person of my acquaintance was able to afford a Memphis cup and saucer the rest of us had to make to do brightly coloured kitchen bins.  David Bowie didn’t have the same money restrictions.  One hundred of the Memphis design group’s products are up for sale.  Chairs, room dividers, rugs and mugs; David Bowie bought them all.  I wonder if lounged in the chairs whilst listening to music playing on the Memphis designed record player.

david-bowie-memphis

Twentieth century British Art features heavily among the four hundred items in the collection.  But David Bowie didn’t restrict his buying to British artists he also had an extensive collection of African art.  I love these Norman Catherine figurines, especially the green Cat Man, I wonder if Mr CW would consider the £2,000 – £3,000 estimate too much for a Christmas present?

Bowie

Just passively buying the finished product wasn’t enough for an artist like David Bowie.  He collaborated with Damien Hirst to produce this version of the iconic spin paintings.

damien-hirst-with-david-bowie

Bidding will probably be fiercely competitive.  If you just want to look at the David Bowie collection then it is on show for the next ten days at Sotheby’s New Bond Street premises for free.  If you want a more permanent memento and feel that the prices may be beyond your reach then there is a three volume, lavishly illustrated catalogue for £95 or a smaller single volume for £15.  Should you fancy bidding then make sure you have a ticket before you turn up, paddle in hand.

OPUS ANGLICARNUM at the V&A

History, textiles and the Victoria and Albert Museum; these are a few of my favourite things. Opus Anglicarnum: Masterpieces of English Medieval Embroidery is made for me – sewing at the V&A. It is the exhibition that I have looked forward to most this year and the one that I have enjoyed most.

Opus Anglicanam

What is Opus Anglicanum? I hear you cry. English medieval embroidery is the short answer.  From the 12th to 15th century anybody who was anybody in Europe either owned or wanted to own some Opus Anglicanum.  Pope Innocent IV sparked off the international craze when he was so taken by the rather fine vestements of some English clergy that he asked where they came from and promptly put in an order for some fancy garments of his own.   Very little of this intricate work still exists and most of what does are clerical robes.  The stitching is so dense and intricate that a first glance it looks like a woven fabric, in fact not a micron of the base linen fabric is visible under the fine detail of the stitiching.

Opus Anglicanum
© Victoria and Albert Museum, London

Now the colours of the garments are muted reds and fawns, when they were new they must have shouted with colour and glimmered with gold.  The workers clustered around St Paul’s Cathedral and it was their skill of working with gold thread with which so impressed the great and good of the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries.  Even now the glimmer of the fabric in the subdued lighting of the V&A galleries is impressive.  Most of the garments that survive are ecclesiastical due to the custom of burying Bishops in the their finery, it seems stunning that such costly fabrics were not passed down from one bishop to the next.

© RMN-Grand Palais (Musée de Cluny – Musée National du Moyen Âge) / Franck Raux

Some royal fabrics have also survived.  These magnificently eyebrowed lions would have been part of a horse trapper (no I don’t know either, but think of a horse ready to go jousting) probably made for Edward III.  The oldest known English garment is on display, it is the surcoat of the Black Prince that he asked to hang above his tomb in Canterbury Cathedral in perpetuity.  Now it looked like a puffa jacket made of out sacking, look carefully and you can see the outline of lions.  When it was new it would have been a riot of reds, blues and gold, truly fit for a King.

ABSTRACT EXPRESSIONISM at the Royal Academy

Abstract Expressionism, what is it?  The artists defined as being Abstract Expressionist are a disparate bunch all producing very different work.  Now is the time to decide what you think Abstract Expressionism is all about as the Royal Academy has put on the first big exhibition devoted to the genre for over six decades Willem de Kooning, Jackson Pollock and Mark Rothko are all there.

smith-pollock

Two world wars and a global economic depression marked the first half of the twentieth century. In America, the way that some artists responded to that violence and dislocation has been dubbed Abstract Expressionism.  Each one of them responded in very different ways. Suffice to say that their angst was expressed in an abstract manner.  You won’t find many depictions of objects or people here.  Each room is devoted to a different artist, a wise move given the lack of a single theme.  The exception to this single artist theme is the David Smith sculptures that pop up throughout the exhibition creating many interesting frames for the work of other artists.

ad-reinhardt

Pollock and Rothko with their dribbles and blocks of colour are familiar from reproductions.  Ad Reinhardt was not a name that I was completely familiar with before visiting the Abstract Expressionism exhibition.  He does blocks of colour. At first glance you look and think, I could splash on a single colour of emulsion onto a large canvas and sell it.  Take time and stand and look at the red or black canvases.  They are not simply black or red. Different tones of redness and blackness begin to swirl in front of you.  Definitely more than emulsion slapped onto canvas.

Abstract Expressionism

The room before the gift shop is dominated by four enormous canvases.  That’s the thing about Abstract Expressionism, it is by and large huge.  These are not works to be hung in regular domestic settings.  They need huge corporate spaces.  Back to the final room.  These canvases are cheerily yellow.  At first glance they put me in mind of the Monet waterlilies that filled this space a few months ago.  Just as well as that is where Joan Mitchell got her inspiration for Salut Tom.  Monet gave us a blur of ultimately recognizable pond, here we get the same feeling but no recognizable flowers.  Salut Tom had me leaving Abstract Expressionism with a smile on my face.

FASHIONING A REIGN: 90 YEARS OF STYLE FROM THE QUEEN’S WARDROBE at WINDSOR CASTLE

The Queen is 90, the Queen has worn lots of frocks over the years. Fashioning a Reign takes a look at those frocks. Three exhibitions devoted to the Queen’s wardrobe have been created in Holyrood, Buckingham Palace and now Windsor Castle, each venue has different outfits on display. At Windsor the semi-state apartments show the outfits off to their best advantage. The rooms were created for George IV: think Brighton Pavilion but grander.

green-drawing-room-a

Three green dresses stand in the Green Drawing Room, the fabrics of room and clothes bringing out the best in each other. In the middle is a white dress with green straps and a dramatic fold of green falling down the back. This was worn on a state visit to Pakistan, the green is the green of Pakistan and complemented the Order of Pakistan that was worn with it. Nothing as “shouty” as wearing the flag but a subtle compliment to her hosts nevertheless.

beading-detail

George VI and his Queen Elizabeth look down on the Crimson Drawing Room from their full length coronation portraits. Between the two of them, their daughter’s frock shimmers beneath the chandeliers under which they were first worn. Countless tiny beads have been embroidered onto the waist of the dress, the signature look created by Norman Hartnell. Seeing the workmanship and intricate detail up close is wonderful.

riding-outfit

Riding horses is something that the Queen loves to do. It is here at Windsor that she gets to ride most of all so it is fitting that we see her riding outfits. Jodhpurs worn so often that they have a small tear in the leg. They stand next to the Queen’s Robes of the Garter, all deep blue velvet and feathers.

Fashioning a Reign Windsor Castle
Royal Collection Trust © Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II 2016

“Mum I need to dress up as a donkey/cat/Horrid Henry”, will be a familiar refrain to Mothers of small children. Whilst most of us cobble together a papier-mâché camel hump or a deploy a tea towel as a shepherd’s headdress, the Queen had an altogether more lavish costume for a production of Aladdin that she and Princess Margaret put on during the war at Windsor Castle. Old curtains were used for the costumes on display, but something makes me think that more than 24 hours’ notice was given of the need for the outfit!

If you have the slightest interest in clothes, seeing the Queen’s frocks up close and personal is brilliant. Entrance to the exhibition is included in the ticket to see the rest of the Castle. As with all Royal Collection locations the ticket is valid for a year, just make sure you have it stamped on the way out.

LONDON EXHIBITIONS SUMMER 2016

YOU SAY YOU WANT A REVOLUTION? RECORDS AND REBELS 1966-70 at the V&A

Life has never been the same since the late 1960’s. At least that is what those who were old enough to party but too young to have families at the time will tell you. Those of us who were too young have been told that Glam Rock, Punk or Two Tone just failed to measure up to what came before. “You say you want a revolution? Records and Rebels 1966-70” sets out to tell us all how wonderful and world changing it was, complete with a surround sound. You are handed a headset at the door, make sure you put them on immediately as the soundtrack starts at the wall of album covers in the corridor.

Revolution

Once through the doors, Mary Quant and Twiggy, those icons of sixties youth, greet you. Around the corner a space is devoted to Vidal Sassoon, who snipped hair into short futuristic shapes. Should you have a yen to look like the young Twiggy then every other Sunday, until the end of February, a clutch of lucky competition winners will be coiffed in a special pop-up salon in the heart of the exhibition. To enter, post a visual answer to the question “If you could have one revolution, what would it be and why?” to social media using #SassoonSundaySalon.

Revolution

Keep on going through the twisting labyrinth and you will stumble across a life-size recreation of the Sergeant Pepper’s Lonely Hearts Club Band album cover, complete with two of the original outfits. All around are displays exploring the growing voices for equality for a wide range of minorities. Music should be filling your ears, but rather unfortunately the very clever system that delivers the sound track dipped in and out on my visit. When it worked the exhibition was brilliant, when it didn’t everything seemed a little flat.

Revolution

Music festivals in their big muddy incarnation grew in popularity during the final years of the sixties. At the centre of the exhibition is a fine cube of a room that is used to good effect to show a film of the Woodstock festival. The floor is carpeted with grass and strewn with bean bags. No need for your headphones hear: the music pulsates out from hidden speakers allowing you to kick back and enjoy the music. If you feel so inclined, you can take a look at the Who’s drum kit among other icons on show.

Everything from the Green Movement (no arguments there) to Home Computing (not so sure) are credited as having emerged from the late sixties in the final gallery. John Lennon and Yoko Ono holed up in the Amsterdam Hilton are shown on a film and as you leave Lennon’s ‘Give Peace a Chance’ slowly merges into the strains of William Blake’s ‘Jerusalem’ showing that Revolution is not so new after all.

GEORGIA O’KEEFFE at Tate Modern

Close-ups of flowers, reproduced on thousands of posters that adorn student walls, that’s what Georgia O’Keeffe does.  It’s true that is what she does do but she is also so much more than that.  Cityscapes, landscapes, cloudscapes and bones, lots of bones: she painted them all.  Her images are so familiar that it came as a shock to discover that there are none of her works in UK public collections.  Now though, Tate Modern has gathered together over 100 works from more than 60 lenders across 23 US states.  If you live in Europe, this will be your best chance to see Georgia O’Keefe paintings for a generation.

New York Street with Moon

Georgia O’Keeffe had a long life, nearly 100 years, and one that took her from rural Wisconsin, via New York to New Mexico.  1887-1986 saw enormous changes in society, technology and communication.  All of those big contrasts in landscape and changes in the world are reflected in her work.  New York Street with Moon shows blocky interwar sky scrapers lit with a pool of street light and the moon set in a field of clouds.  It’s not photorealism but you still get an enormous sense of time and place.

Oriental Poppies

Flowers pop up early in the exhibition as Georgia O’Keeffe plays with swirls of a rose but have to wait until room 6 before you are rewarded with a whole bouquet.  Bindweed (although, because O’Keefe was American, the picture is entitled Jimson Weed), Cala Lilies and Poppies all fill the room.  It is the Jimson Weed that has made it to the posters for the exhibition but my favourite is the Poppies.  All red orange petals and deep sooty centres, caught in that moment before the rain or wind despoils them.

Pelvis 1

Bones, there are lots of bones on display.  Georgia O’Keeffe was fascinated by them.  We see them sun-bleached and scattered across the parched Mexican landscape that she made her home.  In another series of paintings, she paints a pelvic bone in such close up that it stops being a bone and becomes an abstract shape instead, all blue and white shapes.  Not the stuff of popular posters but stunning all the same.

The Junior CW’s came with me to see the exhibition.  I confess that I did wonder what a pair of tweens would get out of a series of flower paintings, but an invitation and an inset day clashed and so off we all went.  Turns out that Georgia O’Keeffe is about so much more than flowers and both of them enjoyed themselves, so if you have teens in tow don’t hesitate to visit.

SUMMER EXHIBITION 2016 at the ROYAL ACADEMY OF ARTS

Summer, time for the Royal Academy Summer Exhibition. This year Richard Wilson has gone for white, white walls and duos.  As a mother of twins I like the duo theme.  Artists who work together feature in every gallery or, more obviously, there are pairs of people glancing down at you.  Gilbert and George are the most famous duo working in the UK today, they have produced a massive work especially for the Summer Exhibition entitled Beard Aware.

Beard Aware.jpg

Some numbers ….. 12,000 works of art were submitted for the Hanging Committee to consider.  For at this exhibition, amateurs rub shoulders with the world’s best.  Two thirds of the final 1,240 pieces were ones that were sent in on spec.  The rest are a mix of Royal Academicians, Honorary Members and invited artists.  One those invited artists is Kutluğ Ataman who was commissioned to produce a portrait of the Turkish industrialist Sakip Sabanci to mark a decade since his death.  Faced with the difficulty of depicting a long-dead man, he opted to display 30,000 of his employees and associates on 10,000 screens.  The images change constantly and the effect is of an undulating flying carpet.

Kutluğ Ataman portrait  of Sakip Sabanci

One of my favourite rooms every year is the one dedicated to architecture.  Usually you get tiny models of the most prestigious buildings being built around the world that year.  This time the theme is unbuilt.  At the time of submission all the models had yet to be constructed.   In this way it is hoped to encourage younger architects to submit their work.  I like best the one like an exploded map of London which shows all the projects that Mobile Studio Architects have had approved for planning permission in the last five years.

Planning Permission Granted architectural model

This slice of toast caught my attention.  Entitled  ‘Slice of Multibrane Loaf’ and painted by India Dewar.   I confess that I am unsure how long lived oil paint and toast may be as a medium and that I am put in mind of the more spectacular failures of fridge hygiene that have occasionally happened in our house.

DAVID HOCKNEY RA: 82 PORTRAITS AND 1 STILL-LIFE at the Royal Academy

People, lots of people, that’s what you get with the latest Hockney exhibition at the Royal Academy.  You get exactly what it says on the bill board: 82 Portraits and 1 still-life.  All the same structure, all painted over three days, all subjects sat on the same chair in the same studio and not one of them paid for the privilege of being painted, so Mr Hockney was not under any obligation to flatter his sitters.

J-P Goncalves, David Hockney

All 83 canvases are hung in the order that they were painted.  We start off with a man slumped forward with his head in his hands.  Only afterwards did David Hockney realise that it echoed a Van Gogh picture entitled ‘Old Man in Sorrow’ which matched the way he felt at the time.  One of his close associates had died, an event that saw him quit Bridlington where he had been based for seven years and retreat back to Los Angeles.  Here he struggled to get his painting mojo back but with this portrait something clicked.  The title of the Van Gogh painting has a second part ‘…..on the threshold of redemption’ and so it was to be for Hockney too.  Later we see our bereft friend sitting up and looking quite perky.

Barringer brothers, David Hockney

What would you wear if you were invited to sit for a David Hockney portrait.  A splash of colour seems to have been the answer that most came up with.  A bright orange jumper here, a pair of pink trousers there.  Rita Pynoos opted for such a cascade of red silk that it had to be painted all in go, because the slightest movement would have changed the look of the whole image.  The pictures are all hung suitably in portrait style, except one which is in landscape.  I always like images of siblings and here are the Barringer brother, canvas on its side to accommodate them both.

Once David Hockney had found his inspiration in people, he set out to paint his friends in what he considers to be one work.  J-P Goncalves de Lima, he’s the man with his head in his hands, booked people in.  One day at the last minute the scheduled person couldn’t make it.  David Hockney was all psyched up to paint and so he grabbed a blue table and arranged some fruit on it.  Hence the title of the show.

Edith Davaney, David Hockney

Over the years I have seen many exhibitions in the Sackler galleries of the Royal Academy, this is the one that it was made for.  Early on in the project David Hockney and Edith Devaney, curator at the Academy, settled on an exhibition of the work with this space in mind. 

LONDON EXHIBITIONS SPRING 2016

IN THE AGE OF GIORGIONE at the Royal Academy of Arts

Who was Giorgione?  That was the question that sprung to my mind when confronted with the latest exhibition in the Academy’s Sackler galleries.  Turns out that he was not only a game changing artist in Venice at the beginning of the sixteenth century but the man credited with painting the first landscape painting.  So why had I never knowingly heard of him before?  He died young leaving contemporaries like Titian to grab the posthumous fame.

Portrait Young Man Giorgione
Portrait of a Young Man by Giorgione

Many of the portraits in the exhibition are entitled ‘Portrait of a Young Man’, the sitters’ names lost to time.  The young man above looks rather lovelorn.  It is not only the sitter’s identity that is lost to time.  Giorgione failed to sign many of his paintings and has given art historians something to argue about ever since.  One of the young men was once thought to have been painted by Titian and learned arguments are laid out on Royal Academy website: you may read them and then take to Twitter to #voteTitian or #voteGiorgione.

La Vecchia Giorgione
La Vecchia by Giorgione

It is an Old Lady rather than a Young Man that stole the show for me.  No dispute here over who painted her as she is thought to be Giorgione’s Mother.  She looks out you with a merry twinkle in her eye and seems to be about to say something.  In fact she is holding a piece of paper with the words ‘col tempo’ meaning ‘with time’, the implication that you too will one day look like this.

Bacchus Ariadne Lombardo
Bacchus and Ariadne by Tullio Lombardo

Paintings by Giorgione or believed to have been painted by him are not the only works on display.  Titian, Bellini and Dürer are more familiar names and are well represented.  I particularly liked this sculpture by Tullio Lombardo, which is probably a portrait but is entitled Bacchus and Ariadne.  It must be fun to be an art historian and pore over the stories behind great works of art.

BOTTICELLI REIMAGINED at the V&A

Botticelli, star of a thousand mouse mats.  Venus emerging from her shell with only luxuriant hair to cover her modesty or Primavera with her floral frock are familiar even to those who have never stepped foot in Florence.  James Bond kicks the exhibition off with Ursula Andress emerging from the sea in homage to Venus.  The first shiny black gallery is devoted to the many modern artists who have taken Botticelli as their starting point.  Dolce and Gabbana trouser suits, Andy Warhol screen prints, colour saturated photographs by David LaChapelle all jostle for attention.  My own favourite was a Magritte that sees Primavera gracing a silhouette of a bowler hatted man.

Ready Made Bouquet Margritte Botticelli
René Magritte, The Ready-made Bouquet

Glossy black gives way to a calm Victorian gallery festooned with the stars of the Pre-Raphaelite movement.  We are here because, strange though it may seem, Botticelli having been a superstar in his own time was forgotten for a couple of hundred years.  It was Rossetti, Morris and their chums that rediscovered him.  His clarity and flowing frocks appealed to them.  One wall is filled with a William Morris tapestry woven in Merton entitled “the Orchard” showing four women in the guise of the seasons.

TheOrchard.jpg
William Morris and John Henry Dearle, The Orchard

Duck-egg blue and oak give way to a stark white gallery.  Here we meet Sandro Botticelli himself.  Sixty or so paintings, either by Botticelli or produced in his workshop, have been gathered together.  He was stunningly good at depicting beautiful virgins and stunningly bad at baby Jesus, maybe that’s the way that babies looked in the late fifteenth century.  Dante Gabriel Rossetti owned a Botticelli and now it is in the V&A’s collection; Smerelda Bandinelli has been cleaned up for this exhibition and looks stunning.

Smerlda Bandinelli Botticelli
Sandra Botticelli, Portrait of a Lady known as Smerelda Bandinelli

London Exhibitions Autumn 2015

DEBORAH, DUCHESS of DEVONSHIRE: Auction at Sotheby’s

Elvis, chickens, books and diamonds; an eclectic mix that reflects the wide ranging enthusiasms of Deborah, Duchess of Devonshire. She was the youngest of the endlessly fascinating Mitford sisters and seems to have known almost everybody who was interesting in the twentieth century.  She left the contents of her final home to her family, they have taken their pick and now the remainder is up for sale at Sotheby’s.

Debo hens Duchess of Devonshire

Estimates start at £10 and rise to ten of thousands of pounds. Look in any provincial auction house and you will see bone china dinner services, chairs in need of reupholstering and stashes of jewellery on offer. This sale is no exception but oozes glamour in away that I have never found in Dorking.  These antlers were used as coat rack.

Duchess of Devonshire antlers

Pictures of dogs, silvered seashells, slabs of Blue John all jostle with signed first editions. If I could choose just one of these books it would ‘At Lady Molly’s’ by Anthony Powell (estimate £300). Hens are everywhere; wooden ones, China ones, painted ones and books about them. Large quantities of Elvis memorabilia is on offer, the Duchess was so enamoured of the King that she made two pilgrimages to Graceland.

Debo cabbages Duchess of Devonshire

Anyone can wander in off Bond Street into Sotheby’s to view the elegant re-creation of interiors of the Old Vicarage at Edensor or indeed attend the auction. The glimpse into the private life of a woman who seemed to know everybody that was interesting is fascinating. If I were to wave a bidding paddle it would be for lot 185, a collection of plates that look like cabbages.

PAINTING THE MODERN GARDEN: MONET TO MATISSE at the Royal Academy of Arts

I am a Plantsman’s daughter. I am also an Artist’s daughter.  Plants and paintings have always been there in the fabric of my life.  Judging by the swirling crowds on both occasions that I have visited PAINTING THE MODERN GARDEN, I am not alone in liking paintings of gardens.  Flower gardens were the preserve of the wealthy until the end of the nineteenth century until growing numbers of the middle class began to have more leisure time to spend in the gardens of their suburban houses, gardens that didn’t need to be given over to the growing vegetables.  Plant-hunters brought back many new showy blooms, such as dahlias, fueling a passion for plants.

Lady in the Garden Modern Garden
Lady in the Garden by Claude Monet © The State Hermitage Museum

Impressionist gardens kick the exhibition off and, as you would expect with Monet in the title, in the first room my attention was drawn by a Monet.  We see a lady dressed in white standing admiring a tree in blossom surrounded by a sea of red flowers.  The sun glows through her parasol.  I like to think that just round the corner is a shady arbor where, in about five minutes’ time, she will sit and spend the afternoon drinking lemonade whilst reading a novel.  Such reveries are encouraged by the gallery seating which consists of rather fine garden benches.

Louis Comfort Tiffany Modern Garden
Louis Comfort Tiffany by Joaquin Sorolla © Courtesy of The Hispanic Society of America, New York

Growing affluence combined with the increased leisure time fueled a boom in all things horticultural.  Nurseries sprang up, gardening manuals and magazines started to be published, seed catalogues occupied long winter evening fueling dreams of summer, .  The central gallery of the exhibition is devoted to seed catalogues and the like, all cunningly displayed in rather lovely cold frames.  Back to the paintings and we meet Louis Comfort Tiffany, he of the stained glass, who is depicted painting in a garden.  Mr Tiffany must have done alright for himself as he is dressed in a white suit, oblivious to the perils of paint and grass besmirching his lovely suit.

Agapanthus Triptych Modern Garden
Agapanthus Triptych by Claude Monet

Mention Monet and gardens to most people and they will think of waterlilies.  Monet spent his last years painting in his garden at Giverny, his eyes misted with cataracts, but the shimmering water and luminous lilies drew him back to his easel time after time.  Fittingly the last two galleries are devoted to Monet and Giverny with the showstopper saved for last.  The Agapanthus triptych usually resides torn asunder in Kansas, Cleveland and St Louis, this exhibition reunites the constituent parts.  As you stand in the middle of its curve it is easy to imagine yourself on the Japanese bridge looking down at the pool’s surface.  It is a bit of shock to leave the bridge and find yourself tempted by a lily pond glasses cases, complete with matching lens cloth, for £10 in the gift shop.

THE FABRIC OF INDIA at the V&A

The Fabric of India is my kind of an exhibition.  History, fabric and art.  Sometimes when you really, really look forward to something, the reality can prove to be a bit disappointing.  Not so this time.  From the moment you walk in and are greeted by an enormous seventeenth century Mughal floor covering acting as a background to a pair of stunningly modern saris, you know that you are in for a treat.

Fabric of India
Muslin border embroidered with beetle wings

Raw materials and techniques kick off the exhibition.  India has it all: vast cotton fields, thousands of silk moths and bales of yak wool; add to that golden thread, iridescent beetle wings and an incredibly skilled workforce and you have all the ingredients you need for a world beating fabric industry.    My own favourite from this section deployed those beetles – sewn onto a strip of muslin they make a glittering, beautiful border: I long to make myself a gown trimmed with deep flounces of it.

Once upon a time a man was strolling along a New York street and noticed a heap of fabulous fabric thrown out on the pavement.  Seventeen metres long and a couple high it was too much for him to carry so he arranged for a clutch of friends and a van to collect the cloth.  Jerome Burns is an art appraiser and recognised the wall hanging as an important piece of work so offered it to the Victoria and Albert Museum.  Rosemary Crill was the lady from the V&A who accepted the cloth and now she is co-curator of this exhibition.  If I owned such a wall hanging, it would fit nicely in our playroom, but then I wouldn’t be so careless as to chuck it out.

Fabric of Inda
Gujarat wall hanging

Museums, reading and sewing are my top three things but a very close fourth is maps.  So a fine Kashmir shawl with a map woven into it was always going to be a winner with me.  It was given to Queen Victoria and I like to think of her sitting in Osbourne House swathed in the shawl whilst examining the map of Srinagar.  Sadly it was never worn.  Life in Cultural Wednesday Towers would be very different if I could spend my days sat in a room adorned with applique elephants, wrapped in a map pashmina and reading books.

Fabric of India
Map shawl, woollen embroidery, Kashmir, 19th century, © Victoria and Albert Museum, London

CELTS: ART AND IDENTITY at the British Museum

I am East Anglian and proud of it and have always believed the Celts are completely different as they come from the opposite part of the country to me.  Turns out I’m wrong and that I may well be every bit as Celtic as my Cornish friends.  The term Celt was first used by the Greeks to mean anybody that didn’t share their Mediterranean culture and later the Romans adopted the term.  Celts were never a tribe just a collection of peoples who didn’t toe the dominant culture of the time.

Flesh Hook Celts

All those swirly lines that are an integral part of Celtic Art in popular imagination have their roots in the stylised depictions of birds and animals that the ancient Celts saw around them.  Early in the exhibition we see an exquisite flesh hook, that would have been used for extracting hunks of meat from cooking cauldrons, adorned with a string of swans.  Quite how the flesh hook would have worked stumps me but as an object of beauty it is stunning.

Snettisham Hoard Celts

Back to East Anglia …… in 1948 a farmer was blamelessly ploughing his north Norfolk field when he struck gold.  Further investigations have revealed many stashes of Celtic jewellery in the Snettisham area dating back to 150-50BC, some are mangled fragments and others magnificent torcs.  Six cases of treasure are on display at the British Museum.  We East Anglian Celts plainly liked our bling, indeed it was with extreme reluctance that I left a rather fine reproduction necklace behind in the shop for somebody else to buy.

St Chad Gospel Celts

Back to the swirly lines ….. as the Celts embraced Christianity they deployed their distinctive decoration onto copies of the Bible.  The St Chad Gospel is on display: the fine and intricate pattern must have taken the monk who drew them many, many hours.  These gospels were made between about 700AD and 1000AD.  They have been in Lichfield Cathedral and are still used today in some services.  The early Victorian era saw a Celtic revival with the resurgence of both nationalist feelings and the desire for swirly lines and the exhibition ends with a Celtic football shirt to bring things bang up to date.

London Summer Exhibitions 2015

LADYBIRD BY DESIGN at the House of Illustration

Ladybird books, the stuff of my childhood and the subject of an exhibition at the House of Illustration.

Shopping with Mother © Ladybird Books Ltd, 1958 Reproduced by permission of Ladybird Books Ltd.
Shopping with Mother
© Ladybird Books Ltd, 1958 Reproduced by permission of Ladybird Books Ltd.

Learning to read and learning to live were Ladybird’s strong points.  Peter and Jane were the stars of these books.  Peter would do manly things such as help his Father clean the car, whilst Jane would assist her stay-at-home Mother with domestic tasks and they all lived happily together with Pat the dog.  Quite how we grew up to be go-getting career girls and metrosexual urbanites is anybody’s guess.  The physical books were appealingly child-sized.  Priced at two shillings and sixpence they were beyond my pocket money but just right for kindly Aunts to buy for birthdays.

Ladybird Great Inventions

Once released from Mother’s apron strings the imprint had several instructive series to widen our horizons.  History and Achievements includes a magnificent introduction to nuclear power.  One person of my acquaintance read ‘Understanding Maps’ and decided there and then that he wanted to make maps for a living.   This exhibition offers a wonderful trip down memory lane for grown-ups of a certain age.  The children that I bought with me were frankly bemused by the Hobbies book that suggested making a caterpillar out of cotton reels.

Ladybird Understanding Maps

AUDREY HEPBURN at the National Portrait Gallery

Audrey Hepburn is very popular.  Don’t even think about turning up on spec to see this exhibition because you will, like me, find that other more organised people have got the tickets.  Audrey Hepburn, film star, is an image that most of us are familiar with: this exhibition has many of those but we start with pictures of her as part of the chorus line in the West End and as a Marshall & Snelgrove mannequin.  That early training as a dancer and model stood her in good stead in the years to come.

Audrey Hepburn by Antony Beauchamp, 1955 ©Reserved
Audrey Hepburn by Antony Beauchamp, 1955
©Reserved

In my mind, I am slender, gamine and have effortless chic.  Reality reveals me to be a little more elephantine than Audrey.  That doesn’t stop me gazing at the black and white image of our heroine dressed in black slacks, a v-neck jersey and funnel neck top and wondering where I can buy the garments.  Surely if I were to wear such things, I would look a little less elephantine.  The photo was taken in 1955 but the clothes would not look out of place today.

Audrey Hepburn dressed in Givenchy with sunglasses by Oliver Goldsmith by Douglas Kirkland, 1966 ©Iconic Images/Douglas Kirkland
Audrey Hepburn dressed in Givenchy with sunglasses by Oliver Goldsmith by Douglas Kirkland, 1966
©Iconic Images/Douglas Kirkland

Givenchy is the designer most associated with Miss Hepburn.  Sabrina was the first film he dressed her for in 1954.  Seven more films, with the staples of her off screen wardrobe, followed.  One picture in the exhibition has her dressed in white 1960’s space chic, idly toying with a pair of sunglasses (clothes by Givenchy and glasses by Oliver Goldsmith).  Even dressed in a cloth helmet she looks good, but there are some fashions best left in the 60’s.

Audrey Hepburn by Phillipe Halsman for LIFE magazine, 1954 ©Phillipe Halsman/Magnum Press
Audrey Hepburn by Phillipe Halsman for LIFE magazine, 1954
©Phillipe Halsman/Magnum Press

CARSTEN HÖLLER: DECISION at the Hayward Gallery

Carsten Höller’s latest exhibition is all about choices.  Our first was which door to go through.  One son went with me and the other with a friend.  I expected to glimpse left and see them both as soon as were through the door.  Wrong!  We were plunged into a stainless steel tunnel and when we went round the corner we were in complete and utter darkness.  At this point I felt very, very guilty about sending two boys to face this alone.  The two of us emerged at the other end of our tunnel to two very cheerful boys.  They had solved the problem of being plunged into a dark maze by turning on the assistive light on their phones.

Flying Mushrooms Carsten Holler

Once out of the tunnel we were confronted by what looked like a large astrolabe topped with mushrooms.  Now the boys had to decide which way to push and once the matter was settled, they set off in a clockwise direction causing the mushrooms to fly around our heads.  Next up was a large puddle of pills, one more pill pings down from the roof at regular intervals causing some of the pile to ping and leap about.

Pill Clock Carsten Holler

Virtual reality headsets had us walking through dark snowy forests, we walked through an avenue of conflicting video screens and decided against joining the queue to don upside down glasses.  Right at the top of the exhibition, we faced one last choice.  Left or right spiral?  Each spiral is a tunnel that sharply drops down the exterior wall of the Hayward.  Isomeric Slides is the proper title for these stainless steel helter-skelters.  The swift descent is the most fun that I have had all summer.  If you are in London before 6 September 2015, drop all your other plans and head for the Southbank.

Isomeric Slides Carsten Holler

BP PORTRAIT AWARD 2015 at the National Portrait Gallery

Audrey Hepburn is very popular.  If you plan to visit the National Portrait Gallery to see the eponymous exhibition then make sure you book tickets.  I didn’t and so headed off to see the BP Portrait Award display instead. Every year for the past 36 years anybody over the age of 18 can enter this competition designed to encourage the art of portraiture.

BP Portrait Award 2015 Eliza

Walking through the galleries of the National Portrait Gallery is either like a stroll through a history book or, in the more contemporary galleries, like flicking through Hello magazine. This exhibition is neither because the people depicted are by and large not famous.  Young, old, naked and clothed they are all here.  Some are so pin point accurate that you need to look very carefully to see that they are not photographs.  Others have swirls of paint and blotches to augment the sitter.

BP Portrait Award 2015 Eleana

If you disagree with the judges, you can vote for own favourite and at the end of the exhibition the people’s favourite will be unveiled.  My vote has gone to Hamish and Sophie Forsyth by Nancy Fletcher.  This double portrait is two pictures in one frame; he sits in a room with warm fancy wallpaper surrounded by his furled black umbrella, cricket bat and cabbages. She graces an altogether cooler and more ordered room surrounded by pictures of her children and piles of books.

BP Portrait Award 2015 Renard

SHOES: PLEASURE AND PAIN at the V&A

Not all tall girls have big feet but this one does.  For me the “pleasure” of shoes is simply finding ones long enough and the “pain” is all too often having to settle for dowdy ones.  Retailers plainly think that my feet are too far down for me to notice what adorns them.  Shoes Pleasure and Pain at the V&A, explores the Pleasure of beauty and the pain of suffering for that beauty.  Fittingly enough, the first case contains a glass slipper ready to transform anybody dainty enough to wear it.  For those whom money is no object, all manner of rare leathers, silks and jewels have can be used to signal your wealth to onlookers.

Shoes Pleasure and Pain
Evening shoe, beaded silk and leather, 1958-60. Roger Vivier for Christian Dior
© Victoria and Albert Museum, London

High heels to lift sixteenth century skirts above muddy streets, shoes with toes so curled up that it would be impossible to walk.  Marilyn Monroe’s and Kylie Minogue’s shoes are both on display, and for such a tiny woman, Kylie’s shoes look quite large.  Chinese Lotus shoes, so small that they would fit a baby, to fit feet rendered useless by binding.  Christian Louboutin red heels wink at you here and over there is a pair of thigh-high Stella McCartney boots made from synthetic suede.  Men get a look in too: fancy stitched cowboy boots and my particular favourite, this gold-patterned pair dating back to 1925.

Shoes Pleasure and Pain
Mens’ shoes, gilded and marbled leather, Coxton Shoe Company Northamptonshire, 1925
© Victoria and Albert Museum, London

One section of the exhibition is devoted to shoes collectors.  One solitary shoe belonging to Imelda Marcos has an entire case devoted to it.  In response to criticism of the number of shoes she owned she claimed not to own 3,000 pairs but merely 1,060.  One man collects three-stripe Adidas trainers and travels all over the world to track down rare specimens; another had an extensive collection of women’s shoes but kept them all in boxes and never wore them. All shoes, whether bespoke or mass produced, will spend some time on a last and the final display case contains a collection of the lasts of the rich and famous.

shoes pleasure and pain
Lasts

On my feet for this exhibition, a pair coral suede shoes with clunky silver heels, made by Clarks, one of the few high street retailers to sell routinely offer size 9 shoes and sponsor of this exhibition.

MAGNA CARTA at the Society of Antiquaries

Have you ever wondered what lurks inside the buildings that line the Royal Academy courtyard?  Five learned societies have their homes in Burlington House; the Royal Society of Chemistry, the Geological Society, the Linnean Society and the Society of Antiquaries.  Every time I visit I try to work out which of the people in the courtyard are scientists or antiquarians.  Imagine my joy when I spotted a sign outside the Society of Antiquaries proclaiming that there was a Magna Carta exhibition inside and, what’s more, it was free.

Black Book of Peterborough, Magna Carta
Black Book of Peterborough

Three copies of Magna Carta are on view, the Society has never done this before.  First of all we see a copy made from a discarded draft of the original.  This ended up at Peterborough Abbey where it stayed until the Dissolution of the Monasteries when it passed into the ownership of the Cecil family.  In 1778, Brownlow Cecil, 9th Earl of Exeter gave it to the Society.  Nearby you can see minutes made at the time that thank his Lordship for a ‘curious and valuable present’.  The survival of a draft of the final document has provided valuable insight into the negotiating process that led to the final document.

Halesowen Scroll, Magna Carta
Halesowen Scroll

Magna Carta was annulled by the Pope almost as soon as the sealing wax was dry.  By 1225 King Henry III (son of John) issued Magna Carta again along with the Charter of Forest which covered Royal Forests.  Peter des Roches was Bishop of Winchester and a key advisor to Henry III; he founded the Halesowen Abbey and that is where the scroll stayed until the Dissolution of Monasteries (sound familiar?).  Also on display is the Hart Book of Statues which is a fourteenth century copy of the 1225 document and shows that it was now an accepted and important piece of legislation.  Nearby are copies of the first printed edition of Magna Carta, hot off the presses in 1508, and the first printed translation dating from 1534.  If you’re heading to the Royal Academy this summer take time to turn left and see some amazing documents.

Hart Book of Statutes, Magna Carta
Hart Book of Statutes

SUMMER EXHIBITION 2015 at THE ROYAL ACADEMY

Every summer for the past 247 years any member of the public able to wield a brush has been able to submit their work for consideration for display at the Royal Academy’s Summer Exhibition alongside the work of the best artists of the day.  Within my memory, the Summer Exhibition has followed a familiar path, loved by the public, loathed by the critics and walls so densely packed with pictures that is hard to discern the colour of the walls.  This year all that has changed.  Change is apparent before you even enter the galleries as the grand staircase has been given a coat of many colours by Jim Lambie.

Summer Exhibition 2015
Royal Academy staircase

Vibrant glowing colour greets you once you’ve made your way past the shop and into the show.  Turquoise green walls surround you, glance left and magenta pink walls beckon and to the right, sky blue.  Above your head hangs a multi-coloured mobile filtering down multi-hued light.  The paintings and sculpture are pretty good too.  Somehow, painting the normally white walls has induced a warm feeling of joy.

Magenta Gallery
Magenta Gallery

Red dots abound at the Summer Exhibition.  Most works are for sale and the prices are shown prominently in the catalogue. This year, to add to the fun, most works are available to view online and all you have to do is click to buy.  Mr CW is currently more than a little worried that my credit card finger is hovering over a rather tempting John Duffin print.  Also very lovely is a head of Buddha made of wire coat hangers by David Mach RA that could be yours for £29,500.

Buddha by David Mach RA
Buddha by David Mach RA

London Exhibitions Spring 2015

WHAT IS LUXURY? at the V&A

Two days after I was knocked off my bike, sustaining a broken collar bone and extensive bruising, luxury would be the ability to type with both hands.  Strangely that isn’t one of the options put forward by the V&A.  Extraordinary, non-essential or exclusive items are the suggestions put forward.  Stuff that takes time, expertise or simply very expensive materials to make.

What is Luxury?

One of the first things you see is a church vestment adorned with a froth of handmade lace.  The basic ingredients of lace – cotton thread, parchment pattern, pins and scissors – are not expensive: it is the hours of labour it takes to transform thread into trimming that generates “luxury”.  Right next door is an ecclesiastical crown, all precious metals, rare stones and once again exquisite workmanship.

What is Luxury?
Ecclesiastical crown, ca. 1750
© The Rosalinde and Arthur Gilbert Collection on loan to the Victoria and Albert Museum, London

Military tailoring in the form of a Royal Lancers Mess uniform, all stiff brocade and fine stitching, made in Savile Row is on display.  It is beautiful, but does imply that you need a private income to be an officer in the Royal Lancers.  The object that I covet most here is called Bubble Bath.  Nora Fok spent hours knitting fine nylon thread around marbles and then joined all the husks together to make a necklace.  It is my birthday at the weekend, just in case Mr CW is reading this.

What is Luxury?
Necklace, Bubble Bath, Nora Fok, 2001
Photo: Heini Schneebeli, Courtesy of the Crafts Council

PAINTING PARADISE: THE ART OF THE GARDEN at the Queen’s Gallery Spring 2015

Gardens and paintings, two things that I love; so a combination of the two is bound to be a winner. Painting Paradise starts with an exquisite sixteenth century Persian miniature entitled Seven Couples in a Garden. The picture shows lovebirds ensconced in a garden complete with an octagonal pool and nightingales serenading them from the boughs of a plane tree. From there we leap to Henry VIII and what is important is not the people but the garden of Whitehall Palace glimpsed in the background, it is the first time that an English garden was depicted in art. Next door to Henry and his garden is a copy of the first known gardening manual and I like to think of him sitting down of an evening flicking through its pages seeking inspiration.

Painting Paradise
Garden at Whitehall Palace, detail from The Family of Henry VIII, c. 1545.

Fabergé made eggs, we all know that. It turns out that he also created flowers using enamel, precious stones and metal. If I could have taken one thing home with me it would be his cornflower and oats, the Queen has quite a collection of Fabergé blooms so I am sure that she wouldn’t miss one of them.

Painting Paradise
Faberge Cornflower and Oats

One wall of the gallery tells the story of neighbourly one-upmanship and a Royal disposition for garden design on a grand scale. In one painting we see a magnificent water feature at Bushy Park being shown by its owner Lord Halifax to his neighbour, the future George II. Next door is an image of the mile long canal, lined with a double avenue of lime trees constructed on the orders of Charles II at Hampton Court. Barely 40 years later we see Hampton Court has a new wing, a maze, several miles of small box lined beds and the canal is much reduced in size.

Painting Paradise
A View of Hampton Court (c. 1702–14), Leonard Knyff. Royal Collection Trust / © Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II 2015

The Queen’s Gallery has three exhibitions a year that draw heavily on the Royal Collections. I’ve never seen the rooms packed which is a shame: the same, however, cannot be said of the shop. Even though coachloads of tourists descend for the chance to buy classy royal souvenirs, it’s a pity that more of them don’t venture in to see the pictures.

DEFINING BEAUTY at the British Museum

Male nudes and lots of them, that’s what you get at the British Museum’s latest exhibition.  The blurb before you get to see any Greek Gods tells you that whilst the men are in the main unclothed, women get to be dressed.  That having been said, the first thing that greets you as you walk in is a female bottom belonging to Aphrodite: as goddess of lurve she is allowed to get naked.  Not only is she naked, she is also a copy; getting on for two thousand years old maybe but a copy none the less. The Romans were so impressed with Greek statues that if they couldn’t get hold of the real deal then they just had them copied.  This Aphrodite is such a good copy that she is part of the Royal Collection.

Defining Beauty
Marble statue of Aphrodite crouching at her bath. Roman copy of a Greek original, 2nd century AD
Royal Collection Trust / © Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II 2015

Standing just next to Aphrodite is an enormous bronze statue of Apoxyomenos or the Scraper, so called because it depicts an athlete scraping his body free of oil and dust after a spot of sport.  This bronze was found in the sea off Croatia in 1996 covered in sponges and other sea creatures.  When I first looked up at him I thought ‘Gosh his lips look red’, so polished I my glasses and looked again and then read the information board.  His lips really are reddish, the bronze has been overlaid with copper to make his lips and nipples look more realistic.

Defining Beauty
Apoxyomenos. Bronze, Hellenistic or Roman replica after a bronze original
© Tourism Board of Mali Losin

Once you’ve dragged yourself away from Aphrodite and Apoxyomenos you are greeted by a magnificent discus thrower.  Once again he is a Roman copy of a Greek original but you can see what prompted the Romans to copy him.  You almost feel that you have to duck just in case the discus gets loosed toward you.  These Greek chaps had muscles that put Poldark to shame and they are all expertly depicted in bronze and marble.  The first room of Defining Beauty is worth the price of admission alone.  The entire exhibition is beautifully lit with statues framed in dramatic pools of light.  Greek vases, some of the Parthenon carvings and the statue that provided Michelangelo with inspiration for the Sistine chapel are among the 150 objects on display.  When you have done with Defining Beauty, then you can go into the wider museum and see more in the permanent collection.

Defining Beauty
Discobolus, Roman copy of a bronze Greek original of the 5th century BC.
© The Trustees of the British Museum

Spring had sprung on the day that I visited Defining Beauty and so I chose not to sit inside for my coffee and lunch stops.  There are two vintage Citroën vans outside the British Museum that serve coffee, but sadly no cake.  For lunch I wandered off down toward Shaftesbury Avenue and bought a falafel wrap from a stall in Earlham Street and ate it sitting on base of the Seven Dials.

MAGNA CARTA: LAW, LIBERTY, LEGACY at the British Library

Magna Carta, arguably the world’s most famous document.  Being a shallow soul I’ve always imagined it to be a bit bling.  You know the kind of thing: illuminated initial letters, maybe a few heraldic beasts dotted around for good effect and all topped off with a large seal.  Only four copies of the 1215 Magna Carta still exist and two are on display at the British Library at the end of a comprehensive and excellent exhibition.

Magna Carta
Portrait of King John and other kings by Matthew Paris, C13
© British Library

Laws didn’t start with Magna Carta and one of the first things that you see here is the Law-code of King Cnut.  1,000 years ago Archbishop Wulfstan of York drafted the code for Cnut, it is written in Old English and begins ‘I desire that justice be promoted and every injustice supressed’.  Unfortunately King John was not quite so diligent in promoting justice.  Matthew Paris was a Benedictine monk and in his history branded John a tyrant.  We learn that the Magna Carta was not signed but rather sealed and a rather fine example of John’s seal is on display.

Magna Carta
Great Seal of King John, 1203
© Eton College Archives

Ten weeks after Magna Carta was signed, Pope Innocent issued a papal bull declaring it to be illegal but it continued to be a touchstone for future generations of radicals wanting fairer government. Later, Thomas Jefferson was strongly influenced by its ideals when drafting the United States’ Bill of Rights.  Medieval documents are not the only things on display the junior CWs were particularly taken with the Horrible Histories Magna Carta rap.  If you are unable to get down to the Euston Road, the British Library have set up a brand new Magna Carta website with animations narrated by Terry Jones.

Magna Carta
1215 Magna Carta, damaged Canterbury copy with seal
© British Library

Right at the end of the exhibition you come face to face with two of the four surviving originals.  Bling is very much not in evidence.  The Canterbury Magna Carta looks like (and here I write from experience) the early part of a Year 1 pirate map homework where the paper has been prepared but the map yet to be drawn.  In 1731 it was involved in a fire and then in 1836 a restorer decided to soak it and then set about it with a rolling pin to attach a backing sheet.  Barely any writing is visible.  No bling except King John’s seal but still iconic.  The London copy, also on display has words but no seal.  Chief Justice Lord Bingham wrote ‘the significance of Magna Carta lay not only in what it actually said, but in what later generations claimed and believed it said’.  He was right and might have added that appearance isn’t everything.

ALEXANDER McQUEEN: SAVAGE BEAUTY at the V&A

Wow!  I was expecting frocks, maybe even unwearable frocks along with shoes that defy gravity.  I was not expecting an emotional rollercoaster, that’s not usually on the agenda for a display of expensive clothes.  I’m still at a loss as to why I found Savage Beauty so moving, maybe it was the way that the transition from one room to another sometimes involved entering a dark tunnel.  Maybe it was the music which was especially designed by John Gosling who worked with Alexander McQueen on his catwalk shows. Maybe it was the way that each room was completely different to the next.  Maybe it was the fact that I wanted so many of the clothes.

Savage Beauty
Installation view of ‘Romantic Gothic’ gallery, 2015 Alexander McQueen Savage Beauty at the V&A
© Victoria and Albert Museum, London

Each room has a completely different feel. You begin with a stark space filled with mannequins clad in outfits that are informed by his early career in Saville Row.  Next you are into a space entitled Romantic Gothic where the frocks are encased in a gilded cage.  From there you are plunged into a dark bone-lined corridor to emerge into what feels like a cave. Next you are into a wooden-panelled Scottish baronial castle which contains the dress that I would like most in my wardrobe.  Its white silk with a fitted bodice decorated with ruby red Swarovski crystals and knee length tulle skirt.

Savage Beauty
Installation view of ‘Cabinet of Curiosities’ gallery, Alexander McQueen Savage Beauty at the V&A
© Victoria and Albert Museum, London

Deciding where to look and what to look at is your first task in the double height room entitled Cabinet of Curiosities.  In the centre twirls a mannequin in a frock beneath a video showing the catwalk show where it was first seen. The walls are filled with boxes containing hats, dresses, shoes, more video displays and rather wonderfully a shell top made of mussel shells.

Savage Beauty
Installation view of ‘Romantic Naturalism’ gallery, Alexander McQueen Savage Beauty at the V&A
© Victoria and Albert Museum, London

Alexander McQueen often came to the V&A in search of inspiration, so it is fitting that this retrospective is hosted at the museum. 

INVENTING IMPRESSIONISM at the National Gallery

Monet’s lily pond, Degas’s dancers, Renoir’s girls are among the most familiar and popular images around.  Millions of mouse mats and mugs are adorned with them.  Yet time was that these images were revolutionary and laughed at by the Art Establishment.  Paul Durand-Ruel was the man whose money and tenacity ensured that the Impressionists were not ignored and forgotten. He started conventionally enough, entering the family art-dealing business but his fancy was taken a group of artists who took their easels and paints outside and depicted what they saw.

Inventing Impressionism
Paul Durand-Ruel by Pierre-Auguste Renoir 1910
© Archives Durand-Ruel © Durand-Ruel & Cie

Durand-Ruel not only bought and sold Impressionist paintings, he hung them on the walls of his home.  The first room of the exhibition is devoted to recreating the feel of his home with family portraits and an amazing door painted by Monet.  To add to the feeling of being in a nineteenth century salon, two armchairs are positioned in the middle of the room.  Opinion seemed divided on these when I had attended; one woman tripped over them and muttered dark things, whilst two others sat down and proceeded to chat. From his home we follow him to London, where he and several artists seeking refuge from the Franco-Prussian war met each other.  Among the scenes of London and her suburbs are a fine depiction of St Paul’s seen from the Surrey bank, barges bob around on the near shore in stark contrast to the opposite bank.

Inventing Impressionism
St Paul’s from the Surrey Side by Charles-François Daubigny
© The National Gallery, London

“Which picture would you like to take home?” is a game I like to play in galleries.  Inventing Impressionism makes the game very hard because so many of the paintings plead to be the one.  Look one way and you see a sequence of Poplar’s painted by Monet, each one subtly different, over there are Degas’s dancers with an elderly on looker asleep on a chair and round the corner Manet vies for attention.  Degas won, not his dancers but rather elegant racehorses most of which are stalking around but one skits around unwilling to enter the fray.

Inventing Impressionism
Horses before the Stands by Hilaire-Germain-Edgar Degas
© RMN-Grand Palais (musée d’Orsay) / Hervé Lewandowski

RUBENS AND HIS LEGACY: VAN DYCK TO CEZANNE at the RA Spring 2015

Voluptuous nudes and rather fine ceilings are what spring into my mind when Rubens is mentioned.  In fact he was a breaker of artistic moulds and his influence still holds sway today according to the latest blockbuster exhibition at the Royal Academy.  Sometimes the theme of Rubens’ legacy is a little strained.  In the first room it is not the work of Rubens that greets you but Constable, a less fleshy painter it is hard to imagine, but it turns out that both men painted rainbows as did lots of other men.  We are asked to believe that somehow all were influenced by Rubens rather than by the beauty of the rainbows.

I like to come away from any cultural jaunt with at least one new interesting fact. This time the fact was revealed by the painting of Pan and Syrinx.  It will come as no surprise to learn that the fleshy nudes are the work of Rubens but the highly detailed background was painted by his friend Jan Breughel the Elder.  I’m sure that learned tomes have been written on this friendship but it was news to me and the painting a glorious marriage of precise plants and overflowing flesh.

Rubens
Peter Paul Rubens, Pan and Syrinx, 1617
© Museumslandschaft Hessen Kassel, Gemaeldegalerie Alte Meister, Kassel

Six themes are deployed to display the influence that Rubens had on those that followed him.  Violence is led by a splendid work entitled ‘Tiger, Lion and Leopard Hunt’, everything seems to be in motion; men wrestle with lions, horses rear and at the centre of it all a tiger seems to be attacking a rider.  Only a poor dead leopard doesn’t move.  It’s not clear who is winning in the struggle, certainly the tiger looks to have the better of his victim.

Rubens
Peter Paul Rubens, Tiger, Lion and Leopard Hunt, 1616
© Rennes, Musee des Beaux Arts

There are very few paintings by our hero in the exhibition.  If you have time and would like to luxuriate in one of his masterpieces, then after you have finished at the Royal Academy pop down to Whitehall and the Banqueting House.  Here you can recline on beanbags whilst taking in the only Rubens ceiling painting to remain in situ.

SARGENT: PORTRAITS OF ARTISTS AND FRIENDS at the NATIONAL PORTRAIT GALLERY

Confession time: I love John Singer Sargent and have done since my late teens.  If I could choose one artist to have been friends with it would be JSS.  A postcard of his portrait of Lady Agnew of Lochnaw gazed down on my student desk.  He was friends with Henry James and Edith Wharton, my teenage literary crushes.  Now the National Portrait Gallery has an exhibition not of his formal commissioned portraits but those of his friends, if he is my friend then obviously these people will be too.

 John Singer Sargent
Édouard and Marie-Louise Pailleron by John Singer Sargent, 1881
© Des Moines Art Center, Des Moines, Iowa

To begin with a shock, the man that I assumed was American was in fact born in Florence and mainly raised in Europe albeit to American parents.  The first friends that we meet are Sargent’s first employers, patrons and their children.  Édouard and Marie-Louise Pailleron were the children of the playwright Édouard Pailleron.  The pair are dressed in black and white and the boy appears slightly blurred as if in motion whilst the girl stares out at us in almost photographic perfection.

As success came to Sargent so did the widening of his social circle.  Look in one direction and a melancholy Auguste Rodin gazes at you, in another and Claude Monet, cleverly bracketed by two portraits that have backgrounds that echo the lily ponds at Giverny, stares back at you.

 John Singer Sargent
Robert Louis Stevenson by John Singer Sargent, 1887
© Courtesy of the Taft Museum of Art, Cincinnati, Ohio

Our hero then moves to Britain spending time in London and the Cotswolds.  He depicted his friends as they took picnics, ate dinner and celebrated family birthdays.  It’s just like seeing the postings of a group of glamourous acquaintances on Facebook.  Tucked away in a corner are two portraits of Robert Louis Stevenson he looks as if he is about to spring into movement and far more like the bohemian author of “Travels with a Donkey” than the staid man I imagine wrote “Treasure Island.

In my other life, where John Singer Sargent is one of my best friends we go on lovely sunlit picnics with him and my other talented friends.  We sit on river banks, shaded by parasols, eating, painting, writing, reading or just chatting.  Luckily for me my hero was equally taken with the vision and painted a picture that exactly matches my fantasy.  Maybe I need to buy a postcard of “Group with Parasols” to look down on my current desk.

 John Singer Sargent
Group with Parasols by John Singer Sargent, c.1904–5
© Private collection

London Exhibitions Autumn 2014

CONSTABLE: THE MAKING OF A MASTER at the V&A

The Hay Wain, Flatford Mill and Salisbury Cathedral: we all know Constable.  Reproductions of his most famous works pop up everywhere, even Banksy has produced a version of The Hay Wain.  Dedham Vale, the lovely patch of Suffolk just below Ipswich, derives a large part of its living by being Constable Country.  But it isn’t the well-known blockbuster paintings that open this exhibition, rather a selection of paintings by the likes of Rubens and Claude side by side with copies that Constable made with varying degrees of success.  When not copying the works of great artists, Constable was outside making studies of clouds or inside sketching them in order to perfect his technique and we see many oil cloud sketches.

Cirrus Clouds John Constable
Study of Cirrus Clouds by John Constable © Victoria and Albert Museum

After all the copies and clouds you enter rooms filled with the really famous Constable pictures.  I have seen countless reproductions of these over the years but when confronted with them in the flesh you really do see the texture and lightness.  There are two versions of The Hay Wain on display; a six-foot wide oil sketch that dances with colour and vibrancy together with the far more polished and staid final, famous version.

Haywain John Constable
The Hay Wain by John Constable © The National Gallery

Finally you come to a room dominated by what looks to be a life-size photograph of a tree trunk but is in fact a painting; photorealism before the photo was invented. So arresting is this image that Lucien Freud took inspiration from it. Constable, who drew inspiration and instruction from the great painters before him, in turn inspired great artists that followed.

Constable
Study of the Trunk of an Elm Tree by John Constable © Victoria and Albert Museum

HENRI MATISSE: THE CUT-OUTS at Tate Modern

My Boys were given a ‘do-it-yourself’ Matisse snail kit for their first birthday.  It came complete with paper, scissors and glue.  They were a little too young to wield the scissors but we spent a happy hour with paper and glue, ending up with a result that looked nothing like Matisse. Now Tate Modern has queues around the block clamouring to see Matisse’s efforts.

Matisse Snail Tate Modern
Henri Matisse, The Snail 1953 Gouache on paper, cut and pasted on paper mounted to canvas Tate © Succession Henri Matisse/DACS 2013

What started out as a technique to help Matisse plan the layout of his paintings developed into fully fledged works of art in their own right.  Initially Matisse went to great lengths to keep his technique secret but he reached a turning point with the publication of a book of his work ‘Jazz’.  We see both the original cut out models, or “maquettes”, and the finished book printed using the stencil method.  Originally it was intended that the work would illustrate poems but the flowing handwritten notes made by the artist proved to be so arresting that they were used instead.  I don’t understand a word that they say but they are very beautiful.

Matisse Horse Rider Clown cutouts
Henri Matisse, The Horse, the Rider, and the Clown 1943-4 Maquette for plate V of the illustrated book Jazz 1947 © Centre Pompidou, MNAM-CCI, Dist. RMN-Grand Palais / Jean-Claude Planchet © Succession Henri Matisse/DACS 2013

One of the most familiar images in the exhibition is the Blue Nudes.  Unlike all the other works in the exhibition which are essentially collages, the Blue Nudes are cut from one piece of blue painted paper.  Blue Nude IV was the last to be completed but the first to be started; you can see small charcoal marks and jagged edges where the shape went wrong.  By contrast the others are flowing, cut with confidence, once the plan was clear.

Matisse Blue Nude
Henri Matisse, Blue Nude (I) 1952 Gouache painted paper cut-outs on paper on canvas Foundation Beyeler, Riehen/Basel, Photo: Robert Bayer, Basel © Succession Henri Matisse/DACS 2013

Remembering the happy hour of glue and scissors ten years ago I returned home determined to have a go myself.  Son Number Two declined the opportunity but Son Number One and I whiled away an hour and produced our own interpretation of Acanthus.

Acanthus after Matisse cutouts
C&J Williams Acanthus after Matisse Origami paper collage

London Exhibitions Spring 2014

FOLK ART at Tate Britain

“What is Folk Art?”  I hear you cry and not only you but also the curators of the Folk Art exhibition at Tate Britain.  Almost every explanatory panel makes a plaintive argument for it as a proper subject for an exhibition at the Tate, every other paragraph in the audio guide seems to pose the question.  They should have more confidence: Folk Art is a stunning exhibition that deserves to be as popular as Matisse is at Tate Modern.   Folk Art is “stuff” that is made by talented crafts people; discuss.

Folk Art
Installation view of British Folk Art at Tate Britain
© Tate Photography

A bright yellow wall arrayed with outsized trade symbols is the first sight that greets you.  The familiar three balls of the pawn broker (some time back a friend asked what the origin of the sign was but it is only now am I able to answer,  that it stem from the devise appearing  in the coats of arms of the Medici’s, the Italian Banking family), a self-explanatory padlock for Locksmiths and more puzzlingly a bear; this is for barbers and alludes to the fact that bear grease was used as a hair pomade.  These symbols would have dominated city streets in the time before most people could read, advertising goods and services to shoppers.

Folk Art
The Four Alls, D.J. Williams
Gwynedd Museum and Art Gallery

Folk Art is the stuff that you see around you; discuss.  Old signs from the time when sign writers really did write signs.  Pub signs from when they were painted and not mass produced.  Turn your back on the on the trade signs and you are greeted with a wall hung with such signs.  One wonderful example shows the four ‘Alls’; All Govern shows the Queen, All Pray – a priest, All Fight – a soldier and All Pay – John Bull.

Folk art is the work of untrained artists; discuss. Turning anti clockwise the next wall takes the sea and the sun as its theme.  Two dimensional paintings and embroideries of ships mainly rendered by the men who sailed in them are topped with carved wooden suns.  In the middle are map samplers stitched by the women who remained at home.  At the far end of the wall are paintings of ships that look remarkably similar to all the others but these are the work of Alfred Wallis and are part of the Tate collection.  Wallis was a fisherman who lived in St Ives and once ‘discovered’ by Ben Nicolson and Christopher Wood, his work became much sought after.  Looking at his work and that of the other unknown fishermen you have to wonder if every port held an artist waiting to be discovered.

Folk Art
King Alfred 1961, Jesse Maycock
Museum of English Rural Life, University of Reading

Folk art changes with the times; discuss.  An enormous straw man dominates one corner of the exhibition.  Straw men have been around for centuries.  This one represents King Alfred and is not ancient, it was made for an Oxford Ball in 1961 by a roof thatcher.  He had not made a straw man before but deployed the techniques of his craft  to make the striking figure. Folk art is womens work; discuss.  Scattered around the exhibition are pin cushions and quilts mainly (but not exclusively) made by women.  One room is devoted to the work of Mary Linwood, in her time she was famous for her intricately worked needlepaintings that depicted Old Master and British Paintings.  During her lifetime she was not permitted to join the Royal Academy as her work was not seen as art. When she died in the 1845 her work was treated as a mere curiosity.

My Mother is extremely arty-crafty.  Corn Dollies, Hardanger embroidery, patchwork, needlepoint and many others have, at one time or another filled my Parent’s house and my Mother’s attention.  I too have dabbled but alas have inherited her enthusiasm but not her skill.  Fine art is all well and good but what adorns my own house is Folk Art, I’ve always felt that maybe I should be smarter or trendier.  Maybe the answer to “What is Folk Art?” is that its what the stuff that real people make, buy and have in their homes.

SUMMER EXHIBITION June 2014 at the RA

We are told that the RA’s annual Summer Exhibition heralds the start of the British Summer Season.  Maybe, for a select few.  Without a doubt it the world’s largest open submission exhibition with weekend daubers exhibited in the same halls as the country’s finest working artists.  12,000 works of art were put forward for the hanging committee’s perusal; only one tenth made it to the walls.  Serious critics love to sneer but every year the Summer Exhibition pulls in vast crowds of people, not only eager to see but also to buy.

Summer Exhibition 2014
Sir Joshua Reynolds

In general I leave gallery guidebooks in the gift shop, preferring to make my own mind up and read the blurb by the works of art.  The Summer Exhibition is the exception to that rule, I splash out £3 for the List of Works in which the name, title and (most importantly) price is listed.  Armed with this you can look up works that you like and decide if you want to expend the necessary cash (prices this year range from £60 to ‘refer to sales desk’) or are happy to leave it behind.  Alternatively you can look at the wackier works and marvel that anyone would pay anything for them.

Summer Exhibition 2014
Central Hall, Royal Academy Summer Exhibition 2014 © Benedict Johnson

A record number of Members have been elected to the Royal Academy this year and the first room you come to is devoted to these artists.  The centre of the room is occupied by a mannequin balancing a pile of cakes on his back: my companion told me that this represented the world’s economy.  Propped up against one wall is a vast canvas containing a transcript of an ‘Interview of David Nott by Eddie Mair’ on Radio 4’s PM programme.  David Nott is a doctor who spends his holidays plying his trade in the world’s trouble spots, Syria being one of the latest and the subject of this interview. The story he has to tell was shocking when heard on the wireless but even more so when emblazoned in an art gallery.

Architecture Room, Royal Academy Summer Exhibition 2014 © Benedict Johnson
Architecture Room, Royal Academy Summer Exhibition 2014 © Benedict Johnson

Every year there is an Architecture room and it is always one of my favourites.  It abounds with models of buildings that have either just been built or are about to be, as well as pictures of new structures.  This year a model of the new buildings at the London School of Economics jostles for attention with the temporary Coco-Cola pavilion that stood in the ground of the Olympic Park.

I love the Summer Exhibition.  Not everything that hangs on the walls is to my taste, but then when do you ever go into a gallery and love everything that you see?  I like the incredible variety, I like the humour of the hanging committee (does anyone else imagine them considering their deliberations with little black caps on their heads?) and most of all I like that nearly everything has a price tag enabling me to play the imaginary game of would I buy that and if I did where would I put it?

BANKSY: The Unauthorized Retrospective – Curated by Steve Lazarides at Sotheby’s

Some say that he isn’t one man, but a collective, others that he used to be a butcher and you can find folk that claim he is a former public schoolboy from Bristol.  Whoever or whatever Banksy is, he is certainly successful.  His stencilled, spray-painted works are among the most recognised and liked of any artist working today.  Now he has made the move from grimy backstreets to the hallowed walls of Sotheby’s.

Banksy
Flying Cooper

Steve Lazarides, Banksy’s agent, has curated the first unauthorised (has there been an authorised one that I missed) retrospective exhibition of his work and it is on show at the Sotheby’s S|2 gallery.  Anyone can walk in off St George Street and take a look at the 70 or so works.  If you have a spare £4,000 – £500,000 to spare you even buy one.  The atmosphere in Sotheby’s is usually one of moneyed calm, not so at the Banksy unofficial retrospective: people take photos of the art work and each other and chatter.

Many of the works on show have never been seen in public before.  Some comment on the illegal nature of Banksy’s early graffiti, such as ‘Avon and Somerset Constabulary’ spray painted onto canvas at a time when the police were hunting for Banksy.  Andy Warhol is nodded to with multiple screen-prints of Kate Moss and portraits of Tesco Value Soup cans.

Banksy
4 Soup Cans

VIKINGS LIFE AND LEGEND at British Museum

The Vikings are here!  The British Museum has chosen to christen its brand new Sainsbury galleries with an exhibition that aims to change our perception of Vikings from gruesome warriors to international empire builders and awesome sailors.  Myths are debunked:  Vikings did not wear horned helmets  just regular head shaped ones and they were kind, dutiful parents who fashioned toy boats out of wood for their children. Indeed the first things we see are model boats.

Vikings Life and Legend
Brooch shaped like a ship, 800-1050. Tjornehoj II, Fyn, Denmark. Copper alloy.
©The National Museum of Denmark

Boats were big in the Viking world, their heartland consisted of: Denmark, mainly islands; Sweden, lots more islands and a heavily wooded and mountainous hinterland and Norway, long and indented coastline with an impenetrable hinterland, boats were their main form of transport.  Once they’d explored their own lands they set off across the sea to our own shores, down rivers into modern Russia, through the Caspian Sea to modern Uzbekistan and into the Mediterranean and Black Seas.  The big showstopper  is  the remains of the biggest Viking ship ever found, Roskilde 6 would have been 37 metres long and been powered by 40 pairs of oars (rather than the 25 as was usual).  She was found in 1997 during building work for the Viking Ship Museum at Roskilde along with 8 other smaller vessels.  It’s thought that she was made in Southern Norway around 1025AD and might have been made for King Cnut the Great.

Vikings Life and Legend
Longship (Roskilde 6). The largest Viking ship ever discovered.
© National Museum of Denmark.

It wasn’t all rape and pillage, the Vikings settled in many of the places that their boats took them to and set up sophisticated trade networks.  Jewellery was made using Amber and Jet from Northern Europe as well as Rock Crystal and Carnelian from the East.  Metal bracelets and necklaces were often made in standard weights that could be used as currency.  There is the most enormous rope like gold necklace on display that weighs 2kg; whoever wore it would have needed to be strong.  The Vale of York hoard, discovered in 2007 is on display for the first time.  It consists of 617 coins and various bits of silver all contained in a silver cup, amazingly most of the coins are Islamic showing the vast reach of the Viking trade network.

Vikings Life and Legend
The Vale of York hoard, AD 900s. North Yorkshire, England. Silver-gilt, gold, silver.
British Museum, London/Yorkshire Museum, York.
© Trustees of the British Museum

TREASURES OF THE ROYAL COURTS at the V&A

Diplomatic gifts exchanged between the Tudor and Stuart courts and their counterpart in Muscovy (as Russia was then known) are the focus of this exhibition.  We do see some such gifts including magnificent silverware, but most of the 150 objects on display reveal the pomp and chivalry at the heart of the Tudor and Stuart courts.
You are welcomed to the collection by a series of magnificent man-sized heraldic beasts, known as the Dacre Beasts. The first of these is a dolphin, plainly carved by a man who had never seen a dolphin in his life, and along with his cohorts a ram, a bull and a griffin stood in the great hall of Naworth Castle, seat of the Dacre family for 400 years. All who entered the hall would be left in no doubt about the power and wealth of the family.

Treasures of the Royal Courts
The Dacre Bull © Victoria and Albert Museum, London

Following through on the heraldry and chivalry theme next we encounter several suits of armour accompanied by a rather wonderful book full of armour designs. You can just imagine the a Tudor knight sitting down and selecting his designs much as a modern day knight would go to his tailor in Saville Row.

Trssures of the Royal Courts
Design for Sir Henry Lee from the Almain Armourers Album
© Victoria and Albert Museum, London

Next up are an amazing selection of miniatures and fabulous jewels. Some are so intricate that with the naked eye one looks like an amazing ship wrought in gold wire and pearls, studied under a magnifying glass it becomes clear that the ship is crewed by tiny beautifully detailed golden sailors. The level of skill required to such a thing, even today would be mind boggling.

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1 Comment

  1. July 8, 2013 / 5:31 pm

    That sounds really interesting. I love all things Tudor ……

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